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UNIT 3



OSCAR WILDE (1856-1900)


Types of skills

Aims

Types of tasks

Reading:

Чтение


Ознакомительное, просмотровое/поисковое, изучающее- с целью полного понимания отрывков из произведений художественной литературы

Ответы на вопросы, определение замысла автора, оценка информации, понимание смысла текста и его проблематики, использование элементов анализа текста.

Speaking:

Говорение



Диалогическая/монологическая

Передача и запрос информации, выражение отношения к прочитанному.

Writing:

Письмо


Академический

Написание стихотворений



1. Wilde’s portrait

There is a lot you can deduce from someone’s portrait. This will be a free discussion based on the observation of and deduction from Oscar Wilde’s portrait Pay attention to details, too, and bear in mind that Wilde was in many respects a child of the fin de siècle (the end of the century atmosphere).

Notice for example his relaxed posture, self-confidence of a successful writer and a wit, an elegant, classy suit, the fact that he seems to be pleased with himself.


  1. Wilde’s values


To identify the topics with the books will naturally be based on students’ previous reading experience with Oscar Wilde’s books in translation. The students will most probably know the collection of fairy tales: “The Happy Prince”.
solution


  1. beauty (The Happy Prince)

  2. style, appearance, form – not content (The Importance of Being Earnest)

  3. youth (The Picture of Dorian Gray)

  4. intelligence (his epigram)




  1. Wilde’s life story


Работа в группах. Обсуждение результатов работы в группах.
a) possible adjectives: snobbish, arrogant, easy-going, eccentric, flamboyant…Notice his play on words with famous (a positive adjective) and notorious (a negative adjective), both meaning well-known.
possible nouns: dandy, playboy, wit, connoisseur, snob…..
b) other writers born in Ireland are William Congreve, George Farquar, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, George Bernard Shaw, Samuel Beckett, Sean O’Casey, John Millington Synge, Brian Friel, Seamus Heaney, Jonathan Swift, Lawrence Strene, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Oliver Goldsmith to mention the most well-known only.
All the writers from Congreve to Friel, wrote for the theatre, mostly comedies. A long oral tradition of story telling, poetic use of the language, the fact that the Irish are generally quite talkative, the Celtic element present ‘til today (musicality, drinking) all this played an important role in creating so many literary talents in such a small nation.
Объяснить разницу между словами “famous” and “notorious”.

famous adjective ***

1 if someone or something is famous, a lot of people know their name or have heard about them:

He dreamed of becoming a famous footballer.

famous for: The town of Gouda is famous for its cheese.

Alexander Fleming, the Scot famous for discovering penicillin

famous as: She became famous as both a teacher and researcher.

(c) Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2002
notorious adjective *

famous for something bad: a notorious criminal



notorious for: The city is notorious for its traffic jams.

(c) Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2002

c) обсуждение в группе.




    1. Running dictation


Divide the class into pairs. Make sure each pair has got enough space around themselves to manoeuvre. Copy the dictation onto a larger piece of paper, placing it on the frontal board. When you indicate, one student of each pair should run towards the board, read a sentence and run back to dictate it to their partner. At one point indicate that the students should swap roles. A running dictation should be competitive, brisk and fun.
DURING THE WHOLE OF HIS MARRIED LIFE, WILDE LIVED IN A PART OF LONDON, IN CHELSEA. HIS ROOM WAS FILLED WITH CIGARETT SMOKE AND BOOKS. THEY WERE MOSTLY FRENCH AND CONTEMPORARY EUROPEAN WRITERS, BUT ALSO GREEK AND LATIN CLASSICS. HE MANAGED TO ASSEMBLE SOME OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES OF ARTISTIC OBJECTS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. WHEN IN PRISON, WILDE COULD PROTECT NEITHER HIS BOOKS NOR HIS SOUVENIRS. UNFORTUNATELY, MOST OF THE PRECIOUS ITEMS WERE STOLEN OR SOLD IN PUBLIC AUCTIONS.
5. ‘The Happy Prince’
a) Обсуждение в классе.

A fairy tale has got a happy-ending, there are fairy tale elements such as its heroes (prince, princess, witch, magician, dwarf, fairy) or magic objects (carpet, broom, mirror). There is a standard opening (Once upon a time there was a king who had three sons/daughters) and a closing phrase (And they all lived happily ever after.).


Возможный вариант ответ
b) The Prince was called Happy because he was rich, beautiful, important …
reading


    1. Для чтения второго отрывка, учащимся рекомендуется воспользоваться словарем.

When the students read Extract Two, they should use a dictionary:

Reading the extract. Open discussion on the tie sequences should follow. (Past Perfect goes deeper into the past than Past Tense. Thus we know that e.g. the other swallows went to Egypt and the Swallow decided to stay in the City BEFORE the actual night when the Swallow was the Prince for the first time).
d) SHALL as an expression of hesitation, offer or future activities? “Shall I love you?” is perhaps more of an offer than a hesitation at this initial stage of the courtship, but this can be open to discussion.
reading
Extract Three


  1. In pairs students will read or perform a dialogue based on the extract, with their own conclusion added


Extract Four
The students will discuss in groups of three, then report back to the class.
g) Characters: Prince, Swallow (a bird with a human voice, an element from fables). The distinctive rhythm of the sentences reminds us of the oral tradition of story telling. Notice the pattern of sentence structures and the word order (“When I last heard of them they were quarrelling still”);

h) No happy end, social problems (similar to Andersen’s fairy tales), untypical fairy tale characters: Town Councillor, Mathematical Master, Mayor, Art Professor. Wilde is ironical whenever he talks of the town authorities;

i) A possible moral: “All that glitters is not gold” or “There is visible and invisible beauty”;

j) Open discussion



The activities above deal with some extracts of the tale. The students will have a possibility to read the whole tale, too, but should not do so before the teacher tells them to (in order to keep them interested in the activites and the story itself). The full version can be assigned as ho,e reading or optional reading. Ask the students to give their comments on anything unclear – vocabulary, grammar structures, whatever puzzled them.
6. The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)
the first reading
a) Algernon a young gentleman from an upper class family
Lane the family butler


    1. возможны различные варианты ответов


the second reading
c) Algernon speaks in an easy-going manner while Lane’s use of language and his tone of voice are those of a proper servant. Algernon addresses Lane by his surname only, a sign of his lower social status;

d) Lane, as the perfect servant, knows when to listen and when to be “deaf”;

e) With disdain. He would never think of being critical of his own class, let alone of himself;

f) “Class distinction” (Wilde is ironical in ridiculing Victorian values) if not “cucumber sandwiches”.





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