Тема Косвенная речь




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Упражнения для подготовки к итоговой контрольной

по грамматике за 6 класс.
Тема 1. Косвенная речь.

Упражнение 1.Перепишите предложения в косвенной речи, обратите внимание на изменение местоимений и видовременных форм глаголов.

1. "Where is my umbrella?" she asked.

She asked __________.

2. "How are you?" Martin asked us.

Martin asked us __________.

3. He asked, "Do I have to do it?"

He asked __________.

4. "Where have you been?" the mother asked her daughter.

The mother asked her daughter __________.

5. "Which dress do you like best?" she asked her boyfriend.

She asked her boyfriend __________.

6. "What are they doing?" she asked.

She wanted to know __________.

7. "Are you going to the cinema?" he asked me.

He wanted to know __________.

8. The teacher asked, "Who speaks English?"

The teacher wanted to know __________.

9. "How do you know that?" she asked me.

She asked me __________.

10. "Has Caron talked to Kevin?" my friend asked me.

My friend asked me __________.

11. "What's the time?" he asked.

He wanted to know __________.

12. "When will we meet again?" she asked me.

She asked me __________.

13. "Are you crazy?" she asked him.

She asked him __________.

14. "Where did they live?" he asked.

He wanted to know __________.

15. "Will you be at the party?" he asked her.

He asked her __________.

16. "Can you meet me at the station?" she asked me.

She asked me __________.

17. "Who knows the answer?" the teacher asked.

The teacher wanted to know __________.

18. "Why don't you help me?" she asked him.

She wanted to know __________.

19. "Did you see that car?" he asked me.

He asked me __________.

20. "Have you tidied up your room?" the mother asked the twins.

The mother asked the twins __________.

Упражнение 2.Выразите повествовательные предложения косвенной речью.

1. "My son is a student", said Henry.

2. "She is working at the library", said her mother.

3. My friend said to me:" I have not seen you for ages!"

4. " I shall solve the clues tomorrow," said All.

5. He said: " There is nobody here to stop them".

6. The soldier said: "We will find a place to lie up. I am afraid they will kill us".

7. My friend said to me: "We have been waiting for you for ten minutes".

8. Jane said: "I am all right. Nothing worries me".

9. "I am busy now. I am doing my lessons", said Tom.

10. "She is not here. She has just left the office", the secretary said to us.

11. He said to me: "This man is the doctor for the hospital".

12. "There is no one by that name here", they answered.

13. "I am ill. I have a high temperature", he said to us.

14. "We have tried to telephone him", they said.

15. "I don't think I will have done this work by the evening", she said.



Упражнение 3.Выразите повествовательные предложения косвенной речью.

1. "I was in London last year", she said to me.

2. "I have never been here before", he said to the girl next to him.

3. She said: "One of these men is my husband".

4. «I have come here to meet Jane", he said to me.

5. "We can not help you: we are too busy", they told me.

6. "I will come to visit you the day after tomorrow", she said to me.

7. He said: "I was tired so I went home after the party".

8. "They are at the little hotel near the station", said Mike.

9. She said: "I am trying to listen to music. Go out!"

10. "I haven't been waiting long", said Stephen to her.

11. "They are getting married tomorrow", he said.

12. She thought: "I will do it on Sunday".

13. They said to me: "We are meeting them at four o'clock today".

14. "I am going to the cinema", she said to me.

15. "He can not speak any foreign languages", Mary said to us.



Упражнение 4. Выразите повествовательные предложения косвенной речью.

1. "I am not joking", said my friend.

2. He said: "I have already spoken to the manager".

3. Joan said to Mary: "I didn't feel very well yesterday".

4. Simon said: "I must go now. I am in a hurry".

5. "I like swimming and playing tennis", she said.

6. Mike said: "My parents are arriving tomorrow".

7. "We were in this city two years ago", he said.

8. She said: "My friend doesn't like this film".

9. David said: "I will help you tomorrow if I have time".

10. "I have already translated two articles", said Jane.

11. "We are .going to stay in this hotel", they told us.

12. Julia said: "I will have finished my work by seven o'clock tonight".

13. "I want to know where you spent last night", he said.

14. "I will be working the whole day next Friday", said my cousin.

15. "Mind your business", he said to me.



Упражнение 5. Преобразуйте повелительные предложения в косвенную речь.

1. "Stop talking, Joe," the teacher said.

The teacher told Joe __________.

2. "Be patient," she said to him.

She told him __________.

3. "Go to your room," her father said to her.

Her father told her __________.

4. "Hurry up," she said to us.

She told us __________.

5. "Give me the key," he told her.

He asked her __________.

6. "Play it again, Sam," she said.

She asked Sam __________.

7. "Sit down, Caron" he said.

He asked Caron __________.

8. "Fill in the form, Sir," the receptionist said.

The receptionist asked the guest __________.

9. "Take off your shoes," she told us.

She told us __________.

10. "Mind your own business," she told him.

Shetoldhim __________.

Упражнение 6. Преобразуйте повелительные предложения в косвенную речь.

1. "Don't touch it," she said to him.

She told him __________.

2. "Don't do that again," he said to me.

He told me __________.

3. "Don't talk to me like that," he said.

He told her __________.

4. "Don't repair the computer yourself," she warned him.

She warned him __________.

5. "Don't let him in," she said.

She told me __________.

6. "Don't go out without me," he begged her.

He begged her __________.

7. "Don't forget your bag," she told me.

She told me __________.

8. "Don't eat in the lab," the chemistry teacher said.

The chemistry teacher told his students __________.

9. "Don't give yourself up," he advised her.

He advised her __________.

10. "Don't hurt yourselves, boys," she said.

Shetoldtheboys __________.

Упражнение 7. Найдите одно предложение с косвенной речью, в котором нет ошибок. Исправьтеошибкивостальныхпредложениях.

1. Mike told the policeman that he lost his identity card.

2. Jane said to Dick that Julia doesn’t live next to her.

3. She told the detective that she sees the thief in the house.

4. He said that he ate nothing since morning.

5. My girlfriend told me that she felt very bad, and she had a headache.

6. Tom’s boss said to him that he hasn’t done the work properly.

7. Anna said that she doesn’t want to wear her old dress.

8. Her brother told her that they will have plenty of time to do their work.
Тема 2. Пассивный залог.

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или FutureSimplePassive.

1. Bread (to eat) every day. 2. The letter (to re­ceive) yesterday. 3. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 4. I (to ask) at the lesson yesterday. 5. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Fri­day. 6. Not many houses (to build) in our town every year. 7. This work (to do) tomorrow. 8. This text (to translate) at the last lesson. 9. These trees (to plant) last autumn. 10. A lot of interesting games always (to play) at our PT lessons. 11. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow. 12. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday. 13. Lost time never (to find) again. 14. Rome (not to build) in a day. 15. My question (to answer) two days ago. 16. Hockey (to play) in winter. 17. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 18. Thousands of houses (to destroy) during the Great Fire of London. 19. His new book (to finish) next year. 20. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 21. StPetersburg (tofound) in1703.



Упражнение 2.Передайте следующие предложения в PassiveVoice, обращая внимание на место предлога.

E.g. We speak very highly ofher. — She is very highly spoken of.

1. The senior students laughed at the freshman. 2. The group spoke to the headmistress yesterday. 3. These young mothers looked after their babies with great care. 4. Nobody lived in that old house. 5. They sent for Jim and told him to prepare a report on that subject. 6. We thought about our friend all the time. 7. The doctor will operate on him in a week. 8. The teacher sent for the pupil’s parents. 9. They looked for the newspaper everywhere. 10. Nobody slept in the bed. 11. The neighbour asked for the telegram. 12. Everybody listened to the lecturer with great attention. 13. They often talk about the weather.

Упражнение 3.Передайте следующие предложения в PassiveVoice.

E.g. Mother waters the houseplants in the evening. — The houseplants are watered in the evening (by Mother).

1. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south. 2. The explorers gave the news­paper reporters a long interview. 3. Mr Wilson will teach you English. 4. The doctor ordered me a month’s rest from studying. 5. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday. 6. Our mother tells us stories every evening. 7. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures. 8. A boy showed her the way. 9. They will send us a box of fruit. 10. Five or six small children followed them. 11. In summer the boys often drive the horses to the fields. 12. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest. 13. The waves car­ried the little boat out to sea. 14. We shall do the trans­lation in the evening. 15. They water the houseplants regularly. 16. You promised me these books long ago. 17. Bessie’s father gave her a complete set of Walter Scott’s works. 18. The two hikers dropped their heavy backpacks. 19. The boys will paint the roof of the house. 20. Tom Sawyer whitewashed the fence. 21. Her daughters gave her three beautiful dishes as a birthday present.

Упражнение 4.Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или FutureSimplePassive.

1. Ее часто посылают на почту. 2. В прошлом году ее послали в Кембридж. 3. Его пошлют в Гар­вард. 4. За ней всегда посылают. 5. За ней послали вчера. 6. За мной пошлют завтра. 7. Их всегда приглашают на день рождения Ани. 8. Летом Колю отвезут на дачу. 9. Об этом неинтересном фильме много не говорили. 10. В музее нам показали мно­го прекрасных картин. 11. Эту книгу очень часто спрашивают. 12. Мою идею не поняли.



Упражнение 5.Передайте следующие предложения в PassiveVoice.

1. You must take the box to the station. 2. You can cross the river on a raft. 3. The workers can fin­ish the building of the house very soon. 4. You must pay your debts the day after tomorrow. 5. You must do three of these exercises tomorrow. 6. You can find the book you need in any library. 7. We must send these letters at once. 8. I can easily forgive this mistake. 9. You can find such berries everywhere. 10. You must do this work very carefully. 11. The doc­tor says they must take her to hospital. 12. You can do the work in three days. 13. The students must return all the library books before each summer vacation. 14. Monkeys can climb even the tallest trees. 15. You mustn’t spend all your money at once. 16. Wecan’ttakehisadvice.



Упражнение 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в ActiveVoice или PassiveVoice.

1. Nobody (to see) him yesterday. 2. The money (to receive) tomorrow. 3. He (to give) me this book next week. 4. The answer to this question can (to find) in the encyclopedia. 5. We (to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation tomor­row. 6. You can (to find) interesting information about the life in the USA in this book. 7. Budapest (to divide) by the Danube into two parts: Buda and Pest. 8. Yuri Dolgoruky (to found) Moscow in 1147.9. Mos­cow University (to found) by Lomonosov. 10. We (to call) Zhukovsky the father of Russian aviation. 11. He (to speak) very highly of the doctor.



Упражнение 7.Передайте следующие предложения в PassiveVoice.

1. I bought potatoes yesterday. 2. We shall bring the books tomorrow. 3. They are repairing the clock now. 4. They sell milk in this shop. 5. I have translated the whole text. 6. He stole a lot of money from the shop. 7. By six o’clock they had finished the work. 8. At twelve o’clock the workers were loading the trucks. 9. By three o’clock the workers had loaded the trucks. 10. He is teaching computer science to our children now. 11. They will show this film on TV. 12. They are building a new concert hall in our street. 13. They broke the window last week. 14. When I came home, they had eaten the sweets. 15. We shall do the work in the evening. 16. He wrote this book in the 19th century. 17. They were playing tennis from four till five. 18. They have carried out a number of important experiments in this laboratory. 19. Livingstone explored Central Africa in the 19th century. 20. By the middle of autumn we had planted all the trees. 21. They will stage this play at the beginning of next season. 22. They have forgotten the story. 23. Has anybody explained the rules of the game to you? 24. They haven’t brought back my skates. 25. Teachers usually make corrections in red ink.


Тема 3. Времена группы Present.

Упражнение 1. Выберите правильный вариант

1. Paul isn’t very honest person. That is why when he speaks nobody ... him.

believe

believes


hasn’t believed

isn’t believing

2. Нe ... sports car.

has


have

got


hasn’t

3. Bill, you hair looks wet. What ... all morning in the rain?

has you done

are you doing

do you do

have you been doing

4. Gill can’t do the dishes right now because she ... now.

is sleeping

sleeps

slept


sleeping

5. Don’t you mess with that liquid! It ... some poisonous acid!

is containing

has contained

contains

contained

6. ... it difficult to concentrate on your work with this music on?

Are you finding

Do you find

Have you found

Have you been found

7. I ... English much better now that we have a new teacher.

am understanding

have understood

understand

have been understanding

8. Can she ... with me, please?

go

goes



gone

will go


9. He denied having broken the vase, but I still ... to believe him.

refuses


had refused

am refusing

refuse

10. He found a new job in China. He ... to move to China because he is fond of their lifestyle.



has always wanted

is always wanting

always wants

have always wanted

11. ... you ever ... to LA?

Have / been

Have / was

Have / gone

Has / been

12. Where have you been? I ... from you for ages!

hasn’t heard

haven’t heard

didn’t hear

don’t hear

13. I think you ... silly! You should take all the medicine the doctor has prescribed.

are


is

am

are being



14. I ... what you are talking about.

haven’t known

don’t know

am not knowing

hasn’t known

15. They sent me two postcards; neither of which ... .

have arrived

will arrive

has arrived

is arriving

16. I have just sent my application form, now I ... for their answer.

am waiting

have waited

have been waited

wait

17. I ... to getting up early.



werе used

will be used

am used

am

18. Their flat looks so modern! – They ... twice a year.



redecorates it

redecorate it

have it redecorated

are redecorating it

19. You ... about my handwriting! Stop it!

are always complaining

have always complained

always complain

have been always complaining

20. The US space shuttle Atlantis ... safely to earth.

has been returned

has returned

returns

is returning



21. This is the first time I ... him ashamed.

see


am seeing

have seen

have been seen

22. After Margery ..., she will be spending six month in Europe.

have left

leaved


will be leaving

has left


23. He’s confused. He ... to solve the problem all morning.

has tried

tried

tries


has been trying

24. I ... she is Russian.

think

am thinking



have thought

will be thinking

25. Jim ... 20 essays so far.

checked


has checked

is checking

checks

26. Your perfume ... nice! What is it?



smelling

smells


is smelling

was smelled

27. Mary ... to the life in the city. She has just moved from her native village.

used to have

has used

isn’t used to living

isgetting used

28. The soup ... delicious!

is tasting

has tasted

tastes

tasted


29. I used to work in a shop, but now I ... in an office.

am working

work

have worked



have been working

30. They ... friends for 10 years.

are

will be


have been

are being

31. He is so dirty! He ... football.

has played

is playing

plays


has been playing

32. They ... since last April.

have been married

married


will be married

are getting married

33. I ... to Paris 3 times.

have beеn

has been

was


will be

34. Where do you want to go this summer? – I ... about Italy.

think

am thinking



have thought

will be thinking

35. I ... my GP today. I can’t go with you.

am seeing

see

have seen



will be seeing

36. It ... for hours! I wish it would stop.

was raining

rained


rains

has been raining

37. He ... lunch now.

has


is having

has been having

will have

38. Cathy ... detective stories.

is liking

has been liking

will like

likes


39. More wild animals ... extinct these days.

become


are becoming

will become

is becoming

40. Emily never ... horror films.

iswatching

watches


has watched

has been watching

41. Merry ... her son’s forehead.

feels


is feeling

has been feeling

will be feeling

42. Jim ... vegetables for 2 hours.

picked

picks


has been picking

have picked

43. She ... three letters this morning.

hasreceived

have been received

receives


is receiving

44. Who ... my personal letters all the time?

has read

read


will read

has been reading

45. ... you ... for a long time? No, I just came here.

Has / waited

Have / been waiting

Are / waiting

Do / wait

46. He is tired. He ... hard.

worked

is working



has been working

work


47. You must always ... yourself at school!

behave


behaves

has behaved

is behaving

48. Water ... at 100ºC.

is boiling

has boiled

has been boiling

boils


49. She ... three foreign languages.

is speaking

has spoken

has been speaking

speaks

50. That dog ... its bowl with dog’s food.



smells

is smelling

has smelled

has been smelling



Упражнение 2.Раскройтескобки, употребляяглаголыв Present Indefinite, Present Perfect, Present Continuous, Past Indefinite или Future Indefinite.

1.Our classes usually ________ (begin) at 8.30 in the morning.

2.The first lesson ________ (not to begin) yet.

3.I ________ (spend) my last weekend well.

4.I think we________ (travel) to the seaside next summer.

5.The pupils ________ (have) a break now.

1.My mother________ (buy) a lot of bananas yesterday.

2.We just________ (eat) all the bananas.

3.I think she ________ (buy) some more bananas tomorrow.

4.Usually my dog ________ (not to eat) fruit.

5.My dog ________ (eat) meat now.

1.We newer________ (swin) in the ocean.

2.We ________ (swim) in the lake very often last summer.

3.My friend centainly________ (swim) in the Black Sea next month.

4.We usually ________ (go) swimming to the swimming pool.

5.look at the boys! They________ (swim) on such a cold day.



Упражнение 3.Определите, в каком из настоящих времен переводится каждое из предложений группы, и переведите:a) PresentSimpleb) PresentProgressived) PresentPerfectProgressive с) PresentPerfect

Я часто читаю исторические романы.

Я прочитала интереснейший роман Вальтера Скотта.

Сейчас я читаю книгу Мориса Дрюона.

Я читаю эту книгу с понедельника.

Сегодня холодно, идет снег

Зимой нередко идет снег.

Снег идет со вчерашнего вечера.

Снег прошел, и на улицах города лежат огромные сугробы.

Анна учит английский язык с 2000 года.

Она уже выучила его основные грамматические особенности.

Анна сейчас занята, она учит английский.

Анна изучает английский язык.

Уже 7 часов, а я все еще готовлю ужин!

В нашей семье, как правило, я готовлю ужин.

Извини, я тороплюсь, я еще не приготовила ужин.

Я готовлю ужин уже 2 часа: сегодня к нам придут гости.

Бабушка вяжет варежки.

Бабушка связала новую пару варежек.

Бабушка вяжет варежки уже неделю.

Она вяжет варежки своим внукам каждую зиму.

Дик сделал зарядку и сейчас собирается принять душ.

Он делает зарядку каждое утро.

Он делает зарядку, не мешай ему.

Дик делает зарядку уже 20 минут и скоро закончит.

Моя подруга работает переводчиком, она переводит тексты.

Она переводит этот текст уже давно, он очень сложен.

Мне придется перезвонить позже, она переводит текст.

Она перевела этот текст, но ей надо подготовить еще один.

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в нужное время

1. He (watch) TV now.

2. He (prepare) lessons regularly.

3. He (be) at home in this time.

4. They (buy) tickets to Moscow (already).

5. Look, now he (make) a mistake.

6. She (to be) always late for her lessons.

7. Have you (buy) the dictionary?

8. She (play) the piano well.

9. She (play) the guitar?

11. She (play) the piano now.

12. She (play) the piano already.

13. My daughter often (look) at these pictures.

14. My grandfather (work) in the garden now.

15. I know you (sing) very well.

16. Listen, somebody (sing) in the next room.

17. I (read not) this article yet.

18. You friend (study) at music school.

19. She often (make) mistakes in English.

20. He (make) 3 mistakes in English.

21. – What is he doing? – He (speak) over the phone.

22. My mother (cook) dinner in your family?

23. My mother (cook) a cake in the kitchen.

24. – Let’s bye a box of chocolates. – I (bye) it (already).

25. My mother (work) at the hospital.

26. My child (sleep) twice a day.

27. They (not go) to the south in summer.

28. They (prefer) to rest in the country.



Упражнение 5.Раскройте скобки.

1. James is in his room, he (to play) there since the morning. 2. For 3 hours now we (to chat) about it and we haven’t come to any decision yet. 3. Jane, do you know where my hat is? I (to look) for it for half an hour and I can’t find it. 4. Your cousinr (to dance) with that red-haired girl since she came into the room. 5. He (to try) to solve this problem for several months now but he hasn’t found a solution yet. 6. He (to teach) at school for twenty years. 7. Mr. Smith (to work) in his room since early morning.8. Thechildren (tosleep) for 5 hours.



Упражнение 6. Переведите на английский.

1. Летом многие люди уезжают на юг.

2. Посмотри! Птицы летят на юг.

3. Мы уже прилетели в Чикаго.

4. Они еще не летали в Москву.

5. Что ты пишешь сейчас? - Я пишу новую книгу. Я уже написал три главы. - Когда ты собираешься закончить ее? - Я еще не знаю. Я собираюсь закончить ее к лету. Но я не вполне уверен в этом. У меня слишком много информации, а печатаю я медленно. Моя дочь помогает мне, но у нее мало времени. Она тоже очень занята.

6. Что ты делаешь здесь? Я рыбачу. Разве ты не видишь? А где твоя рыба?

Я еще не поймал ни одной рыбки. Как долго ты здесь? Я сижу здесь более часа. Я здесь рыбачу с трех часов, если быть точным. Я рыбачу здесь каждое воскресенье. Я рыбачу здесь с прошлого года.

Ваш ответ:

7. Я плыву в море и ни о чем не думаю. Солнышко светит. Вода теплая. На пляже много людей. Я приезжаю сюда каждый год. Я был здесь семь раз. Я посещаю это чудное место с 2001го года. Вечером я иду в ресторан. Я люблю южные рестораны на открытом воздухе. Пора плыть обратно к берегу.

8. Обычно мы выращиваем картошку, но в этом году собираемся посадить капусту. Мы еще никогда не делали этого.

9. Послушай как она поет. Она поет уже три часа. Какой прекрасный голос. Я посещаю каждый концерт этой певицы. В этом году я был на ее концертах семь раз.

10. Я сижу на берегу моря и рассказываю своему сыну сказки. Он любит слушать меня. Темнеет. На юге быстро темнеет. Он играет на песке и внимательно слушает меня. Я уже рассказал ему три сказки. Но он просит еще одну. Пора идти искупаться в море. Из ресторанов сзади нас музыка. Люди гуляют. Много смеха. Я собираюсь заказать еще немного шашлыка. Сегодня вечером я уже заказывал шашлык. Прекрасный вечер.

11. Ты сейчас слушаешь меня, но я не вполне уверен, что ты слышишь меня. Ты внимательно смотришь на меня, но я не вполне уверен, что ты видишь меня. Твои глаза широко открыты. О чем ты сейчас думаешь? Где ты сейчас?



Упражнение 7.Раскройтескобки.

1. He knows Africa well because he (travel) a lot there.

2. You (write) this composition for two hours and can't complete it.

3. – John is still repairing his car.

4. Alice promised to come, but she's absent. Something (happen) to her.

5. The children are drawing. They (draw) since they came home.

6. ... they (tell) anything about their summer plans?

7. My aunt (have) the big house in the country.


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