Рабочая программа для студентов специальности 050501. 65 Профессиональное обучение

Test 5 variant 1 I. Make the following sentences passive

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Test 5
variant 1
I. Make the following sentences passive:

1. Many people attend the lecture

2. An actor killed President Abraham Lincoln

3. He will leave the ticket on the table.

II. Translate the sentences from Russian into English:

1. Об этой книге много говорят.

2. Этот музей был давно закрыт.

3. Занимиужепослали?

III. Ask all possible questions to the following sentences:

1. The Eiffel Tower was built in 1899.

2. Bananas are grown in Africa.

3. The President’s speech will be soon published.

Test 5
variant 2
I. Make the following sentences passive:

1. People speak English in many countries.

2. Everyone can see the film soon.

3. The gardener has planted some apple-trees.

II. Translate the sentences from Russian into English

1. Над ним смеялись, когда он сказал это.

2. На эту статью часто ссылаются.

3. В новых районах строятся новые дома.

III. Ask all possible questions to the following sentences:

1. Penicillin was discovered in 1928.

2. Volkswagen cars are made in Germany.

3. The problem will be solved as soon as possible.

Test 6
variant 1
Translate the text into Russian:
Noise hurts

Doctors have known for a century or more that if workers are exposed to continuous noise they are likely to become deaf. In many countries, laws have been passed to protect workers in industry.

In Britain, the legal limit for the level of noise in a place of work is 90 dB. But even this level can be harmful. If workers are exposed to continuous noise at 90 dB for 8 (eight) hours a day, they have one in three chances of becoming deaf by the time they retire.

The law cannot protect people who listen to continuous loud noise voluntarily. Many young people are likely to suffer permanent hearing loss as a result of listening to music played at levels well above the industrial noise limit.

Sound levels above 100dB have been reported in many discotheques and have been a cause for concern for many years now.

Another reason for concern is the rapid increase in popularity of Walkman- portable cassette or CD players which are equipped with headphones. The damage happens gradually, and most people do not realize they have a problem until it is too late.

Test 6
variant 2
Translate the text into Russian:
Election in Britain

Britain is divided into 650 political areas known as constituencies, or seats. Each constituency is represented in the House of Commons by an MP (Member of Parliament elected by the people in the constituency). At a General Election, the people of Britain who are aged over 18 vote to choose who will serve in the House of Commons and which party will form the government.

The main political parties choose a candidate to fight for a seat in each constituency. So, in each constituency people usually have four or five candidates to choose from, each representing a different political party. People vote by putting a cross by the name of one of the candidates on the ballot paper. The person who is elected for each constituency is the one who gains the most votes within that constituency. When voting is completed, the political party that has won the most seats is asked to form a government and the party’s leader becomes Prime Minister.
Test 7
variant 1
I. Open the brackets using the gerund:

1. Why do you avoid (see) me?

2. In (discuss) the problem they touched upon interesting items.

3. We insist on (send) him there at once.

4. You must be joking (make) me a proposal like that.
II. Translate into Russian:

1. Excuse me for having left the door open.

2. She left the room without looking at me.

3. I enjoy listening to music.

4. There are different ways of doing it.
III. Change the sentences using gerundial constructions:

1. Do you mind if I shut the window?

2. The doctor insisted that I should stay in bed.

3. There is no chance that they will call on us today.

Test 7
variant 2
I. Open the brackets using the gerund:

1. After that disgusting scene, he avoided (see) his family.

2. The parents couldn’t help (smile) at their child’s earnestness.

3. After (visit) the Kremlin, they went to the Tretyakov Gallery.

4. He hated (remind) people of their duties.
II. Translate into Russian:

1. The storm prevented the ship from reaching the port in time.

2. Be careful in crossing the street.

3. I dislike borrowing books from the library.

4. He enjoyed having meals in the restaurant.
III. Change the sentences using gerundial constructions:

1. Will you object if I smoke here?

2. Would you mind if my son comes to your concert?.

3. There is no doubt that he will forget about the lecture.

Test 8
variant 1
Translate the text into Russian
If you want to be green, reconsider your taxes

Green taxes work, say the Swedes. One of the world’s largest experiments in using taxes to protect the environment has dramatically reduced acid rain and cleaned up diesel emissions.

Sweden’s Environmental Protection Agency has issued a detailed evaluation of the country’s environmental taxes.

«I hope our experience will encourage the European Union to use taxes and charges as environmental policy instruments», says Rolf Annenberg, the agency’s director- general. «Taxes work better than environmental regulations», he claims. The taxes have encouraged power generation companies to invest in ecologically sound equipment and buy fuels that contain less sulphur.

Environmental taxes in Sweden comprise only 6 per cent of the country’s total tax revenue. The taxes have been successful because they have not simply been used to add to the government budget. The Swedes have been careful to recycle the revenues from these taxes back into green investments. The world community could learn a lot from what Swedes have achieved.
Test 8
variant 2
Translate the text into Russian:
What can be done?

In the United States, government efforts to control pollution have taken 3 forms: direct regulation, effluent taxes, tax credits. Direct regulation refers to government rules to protect the environment. The prohibition of burning wastes or the dumping of sewage in a river, and the banning of a particular pesticide (DDT) are examples of this form of pollution control.

Those who fail to obey government regulations are subject to fine, imprisonment, or both.

Effluent fees are charges levied on polluters for discharging wastes. For example, a factory that pumps its waste into the atmosphere or a nearby river will be charged on the basis of the quantity of the waste discharged.

Tax credits enable firms to reduce their taxes in exchange for investing in equipment that will enable them to reduce the amount of pollution they generate.

There is now a booming «pollution control industry» that has created new employment and new markets. Thereareseveralhundredcompanies- activeonthisfield.


ТЕСТ №1 (Множественное число существительных)

  1. Образуйте множественное число:

1. baby 2. a pencil

A) babys; B) babies. A) penciles; B) pencils.

3. a man 4. an umbrella

A) man; B) men; C) mans. A) umbrellas; B) umbrellas; C) umbrells.

5. a boy 6. a city

A) boys; B) boies; C) boyes. A) citys; B) cities; C) cityes.

7. a mouse 8. a postman

A) mousse; B) mice; C) mouss. A) postmans; B) postman; C) postmen.

9. a fox 10. an ox

A) fox; B) foxes; C) foxs. A) ox; B) oxes; C) oxen.

11. money 12. a fish

A) moneys; B) – ; C)moneies A) fish; B) fishes; C) fishs.

13. a knife 14. a watch

A) knifes; B) knifs; C) knives. A) watches; B) watchs; C) watch.

15. an address 16. a child

A) – ; B) addresses; C) address. A) childs; B) childes; C) children.

17. a foot 18. jeans

A) foots; B) footes; C) feet. A) jeans; B) jeanses; C) jeanss.

19. a potato 20. a photo

A) potatoes; B) potatos; C) potates. A) photos; B) photos; C) photes.

21. a roof 22. a toothbrush

A) roofs; B) roves; C) roofes. A) teethbrush; B) toothbrushes; C) teethbrushes.

23. a boy-friend 24. a passer-by

A) boys-friends; B) boy-friends; A) passers-by; B) passer-bys;

C) boys friend C) passer-bies.
25. a sheep 26. advice

A) sheep; B) sheeps; C) sheepes. A) advices; B) advises; C) – .

27. a mother-in-law 28. news

A) mother-in-laws; B) mothers-in-laws; A) newses; B) news; C) – .

II. Закончитепредложения:

1. My hair … clean.

A) is; B) are.

2. Can I borrow your scissors? Mine … not sharp enough.

A) is; B) are.

3. Bad news (not / make) people happy.

A) don’t make; B) doesn’t make.

4. There … hair in my soup.

A) is a; B) is; C) are.

5. I don’t want … or help.

A) advices; B) an advice; C) advice.

6. I’ve seen some comedies this month. Each … funnier than the last.

A) was; B) were.

7. We’d like three … eggs.

A) dozen of; B) dozen; C) dozens.

8. Knowledge … power.

A) is; B) are.

9. Everybody … ready.

A) is; B) are.

10. I need my glasses. Where … the glasses.

A) is; B) are.

11. In summer we eat a lot of … .

A) fruit; B) fruits.

12. There … a lot of sheep in the field.

A) is; B) are.

13. The police … to interview Fred about the accident.

A) wants; B) want.

14. Money … not everything.

A) is; B) are.

15. Last Saturday we went fishing, but we didn’t catch much … .

A) fish; B) fishes; C) fishes.
ТЕСТ №2 (степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий; модальные глаголы; времена группы Simple)

1. That’s (good) film I’ve ever seen.

A) a good; B) the goodest; C) the best.

2. Public transport in London is (expensive) in Europe.

A) the expensivest; B) the most expensive; C) more expensive.

3. Do you think Americans are (nice) English people?

A) nicer than; B) the nicest; C) nice than.

4. The 22nd of December is (short) day in the year.

A) the short; B) the shorter; C) the shortest.

5. This is (old) theatre in London.

A) an older; B) the oldest; C) the eldest.

6. Pluto is (cold) of all the planets.

A) the coldest; B) a coldest; C) a colder.

7. My (old) sister doesn’t live with us.

A) older; B) elder; C) the eldest.

8. This house is (old) of all the houses in the street.

A) as old as; B) older; C) the oldest.

9. Go to the library if you need (far) information.

A) farther; B) further; C) farer.

10. Life is (easy) it used to be.

A) so easy as; B) more easy than; C) easier than.

11. I’m getting (fat) and (fat).

A) the fattest and the fattest; B) fatter and fatter; C) fat and fat.

12. The problem was (serious) we expected.

A) seriouser than; B) more serious than.

13. Moscow is (large) city in Russia.

A) the largest; B) largest; C) larger.

14. Let’s go by train. It’s much (cheap).

A) cheap; B) cheaper; C) the cheapest.
II. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу модальные глаголы:
1. You … drink it. It’s Poison.

A) may; B) must; C) should.

2. Unfortunately, his wife couldn’t drive, so he … drive all the way for himself.

A) was to; B) has to; C) had to.

3. … I ask you to do me a favor?

A) can; B) would; C) may.

4. You … do it. It is obligatory.

A) are able to; B) are allowed to; C) are to.

5. When Ann was one year old she … speak, but now she can.

A) couldn’t; B) hasn’t to; C) weren’t able to.

6. Look attentively. I left the letter on the table. It … be there.

A) has to; B) must; C) was to.

7. It’s a demand. You … finish this work.

A) ought to; B) should; C) must.

8. … I ask you to take this box?

A) may; B) can; C) need.

III. Измените время модального глагола на PastSimple:
1. James can draw perfectly.

A) were able to; B) was able to; C) was allowed to.

2. George may not come back.

A) wasn’t allowed to; B) wasn’t to; C) hadn’t to.

3. Phillip should be attentive.

A) was to; B) was able to; C) ought to.

4. Mickey has to follow me.

A) was to; B) could; C) had to.

5. She can speak English well perfectly.

A) was able to; B) was to; C) was allowed to.

6. I can not allow you to say so.

A) might; B) could; C) wasn’t allowed to.

7. My sister must leave on Sunday.

A) was to; B) had to; C) might.

8. The policeman has to kill the murderer.

A) could; B) should; C) had to.

IV. Закончите предложения во временах группы Simple:
1. They can’t go out because they … rain-coats and umbrellas.

A) have got; B) aren’t have; C) don’t have.

2. James … about the things, which were left at the station.

A) didn’t worried; B) didn’t worry; C) wasn’t worry.

3. Jack lives not far from us, but we (not / see) him often.

A) not see; B) doesn’t see; C) don’t see.

4. They … to us next week.

A) will write; B) shall write; C) shan’t write.

5. Don’t give him cigarettes. He (not / smoke).

A) isn’t smoke; B) doesn’t smoke; C) don’t smokes.

6. He … us anything about his trip.

A) didn’t told; B) wasn’t told; C) didn’t tell.

7. Can you help me? I (not / know) the way to the market.

A) am not know; B) not know; C) don’t know.

8. She … mistakes in spelling.

A) won’t make; B) shan’t make; C) weren’t make.

9. … Pete … any beer in the fridge?

A) Does Pete have; B) Do Pete has; C) Have Pete got.

10. We … little about early painters until recently.

A) known; B) did know; C) knew.

11. My daughter Mary (not / like) apples, but she likes oranges.

A) not likes; B) doesn’t likes; C) doesn’t like.

12. What’s the matter? You (look) very happy.

A) look; B) looks; C) lookes.

ТЕСТ № 3 (Времена группы Progressive и Perfect– сравнительная характеристика)

  1. Выберитенужнуюформуглагола:

1. He usually drinks coffee, but now he … tea.

A) drinks; B) drink; C) is drinking; D) has drunk.

2. Ann is making a dress for herself now. She always … her own clothes.

A) makes; B) is making; C) has made; D) are making.

3. You can’t see her now as she … rest. She has rest after lunch every day.

A) have; B) has had; C) has; D) is having.

4. Cuckoos never build nests. They … the nests of other birds.

A) are using; B) uses; C) use; D) have used.

5. I … my sun-glasses today because the sun is very strong.

A) wears; B) am wearing; C) has worn; D) have worn.

6. I can’t hear what you are saying, the traffic … too much noise.

A) is making; B) make; C) has made; D) makes.

7. Mother doesn’t usually make cakes, but she … one today.

A) am baking; B) bake; C) has baked; D) is baking.

8. He always … so fast, but now he is making a lot of mistakes.

A) types; B) type; C) are typing; D) has typed.

  1. Определите временную форму глагола, выделенного чертой:

1. When I saw him he was painting the portrait of his wife

A) Future Perfect; B) Past Simple; C) Past Progressive; D) Past Perfect.

2. When I arrived the lecture hadstarted already.

A) Past Perfect; B) Past Simple; C) Present Simple; D) Past Progressive.

3. Ann said that in August she was on holiday.

A) Future Progressive; B) Past Simple; C) Past Progressive; D) Past Perfect.

4. I called Paul, but he had already got up.

A) Past Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Past Perfect; D) Present Progressive.

5. When I came in they were sitting round the fire.

A) Past Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Past Perfect; D) Future Progressive.

6. When we reached the field, the game had started.

A) Past Perfect; B) Present Perfect; C) Past Progressive; D) Past Simple.

7. Yesterday Mary waited for you all the day long.

A) Present Simple; B) Past Simple; C) Past Perfect; D) Past Progressive.

8. Richard got a new copybook because he had finished the old one.

A) Future Simple; B) Past Simple; C) Past Progressive; D) Past Perfect.
ТЕСТ №5 PassiveVoice (Пассивный залог)
I. Выберите соответствующую форму глагола:

Необходимо закончить предложение соответствующей формой глагола tobe:

1. The book … by him last year.

A) wrote; B) was written; C) is written; D) writes.

2. When I arrived the work already … by her.

A) have finished; B) have been finished; C) had been finished; D) had finished.

3. A dictation … by the students now.

A) is being written; B) is written; C) have been written; D) is written.

4. The students … by the teacher tomorrow.

A) are examined; B) are examining; C) are being examined; D) will be examined.

5. The resolution … by them yesterday.

A) adopted; B) was adopted; C) is adopted; D) adopts.

6. By next Saturday the article … by the editor.

A) have published; B) have been published; C) had been published; D) had published.

7. The exam … by the students now.

A) is being taken; B) is taking; C) have been taken; D) is taken.

8. The English newspapers … by her next month.

A) are got; B) are getting; C) are being got; D) will be got.

II Определите временную форму глагола в PassiveVoice:
1. This book will be translated into English next year.

A) Past Simple; B) Present Simple; C) Past Progressive; D) Future Simple.

2. At 2 o’clock yesterday the problem was being discussed by them.

A) Past Progressive; B) Past Simple; C) Past Perfect; D) Future Perfect.

3. This discovery has been made by a Russian scientist.

A) Past Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Present Simple; D) Past Perfect.

4. Our friends are sent to a business trip.

A) Present Simple; B) Past Perfect; C) Present Progressive; D) Present Perfect.

5. The work will be done next month.

A) Past Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Present Simple; D) Future Simple.

6. Two days ago the problem was settled by the scientists.

A) Past Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Past Perfect; D) Future Perfect.

7. A new house has been built in our street.

A) Past Perfect; B) Past Progressive; C) Present Simple; D) Present Perfect.

8. The new film is showed by a local television today.

A) Present Simple; B) Past Progressive; C) Present Perfect; D) Past Perfect.


Аудирование – слушание собеседника или оратора. Говорящий должен, насколько возможно, упрощать изложение мыслей лексически и синтаксически, подравниваясь под аудиторию (не для всякой аудитории требуется очень большое упрощение языка!), не задавать слишком высокий темп речи, четко артикулировать слова.

Безэквивалентная лексика- лексические единицы (слова и устойчивые словосочетания), которые не имеют ни полных, ни частичных эквивалентов среди лексических единиц другого языка.
Изучающее чтение- предполагает достижение полного и точного понимания основных и второстепенных фактов, содержащихся в тексте. Такое чтение протекает медленно, поскольку читатель имеет установку на длительное запоминание и прибегает к повторному чтению, переводу (если читает на иностранном языке), а иногда и к письменной фиксации содержания. При этом читатель стремится глубже вникнуть в суть коммуникативной ситуации.
Коммуникация- обмен информацией между индивидами через посредство общей системы символов. Коммуникация может осуществляться вербальными и невербальными средствами.
Ознакомительное чтение- преследует цель получения самой общей информации. Этим видом чтения мы пользуемся тогда, когда нам необходимо просмотреть книгу, журнал, статью.
Речевой этикет - принятая в данной культуре совокупность требований к форме,содержанию, порядку, характеру и ситуативной уместности высказываний.
Социокультурные сведения – получение фактов о субъектах социокультурнойдеятельности (индивидах, группах, организациях и т.п.) с целью воспроизведения, хранения и создания различных культурныхпрограмм.
Фоновая лексика– лексика, несущая наряду с межнациональной информацией информацию национального характера. К фоновойлексике относятся все слова, наделенные лексическимфоном.
Фразеологическая единица- словосочетание, в котором семантическая монолитность (цельность номинации) довлеет над структурной раздельностью составляющих ее элементов вследствие чего оно функционирует в составе предложения как эквивалент одного слова.

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