Рабочая программа для студентов специальности 050501. 65 Профессиональное обучение

II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and word-combinations

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II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and word-combinations.

job; responsibility; specific character; to bring up; harmoniously; individual; opportunity; to influence upon; intellect; teenager; personality; qualities; to reveal; creative; potential; specialists; effort; to pave the way; knowledge; joy of creation; educator; to instill; labour; to deal with; to respect; bringing up; process; to worry; devotion; annually; instructor; tutor.

Ш. Find in the text English equivalents to the following word-combinations:

большая ответственность; специфический характер; гармонически развитая личность; влиять на развитие интеллекта ученика; формировать как личность; лучшие качества; творческий потенциал; изучаемый предмет; готовить ученика к знаниям; дружить; первоклассный специалист; прививать любовь; найти путь в жизни; переживать; образ жизни; ежегодно.

IV. Answer the following questions:

1. What kind of profession is teaching?

2. What is the main task of the teacher?

3. The teacher can form the child as a personality, can't he?

4. What gives the teacher the joy of creation?

5. Why does school mean a lot to pupils?

6. What is the way of life of every teacher?

7. Why do pupils remember their favorite teachers all the life long?

8. Why have you chosen this profession?
V. Read and translate into Russian:

The great philosopher Avitsenna (Ibn Sina, 980-1037) said: «Teaching is a sacrificial1 profession. A teacher is capable of going down from the top of his knowledge to the ignorance3 of the pupil and then making the ascent4 together».

1. sacrificial - жертвенный; 2. capable - способный; 3. ignorance - неведение, незнание; 4. ascent - восхождение, подъем.
Do you agree with Avitsenna's statement? What did Avitsenna mean by saying: «capable of ... making the ascent together»? Learn the words of Avitsenna by heart.
VI. As a future teacher you should remember some principles. Here they are:

Respect for a child is the uppermost.

Young children and not so young can concentrate only for short periods of time. Change activities every 20-25 minutes. Use visual aids while teaching.

Call on many children to answer or to ask questions. Involved children have less time for «fooling around». Encourage children.

Remember to keep your voice at a normal level. Do not shout to be heard. If there is noise, stop speaking and wait.

Realize that a classroom must not always be silent. There is «good noise» when children are working together solving problems, talking in discussion groups.

I. Read the text:

1. Every citizen of Russia has the right to education.

2. This right is ensured by the Constitution.

3. The Russian system of education includes: secondary schools, professional schools, industrial colleges, institutes, universities and academies.

4. Children start school at the age of 6 or 7.

5. School year is divided into four terms.

6. Pupils have autumn, winter and spring holidays.

7. Summer holidays last for 3 months.

8. In the primary forms schoolchildren have one teacher for the Russian language, mathematics and reading.

9. Natural science, work and physical training, singing and music, fine arts are taught by specialists.

10. The curriculum of secondary school is more complicated.

11. Children have history, geography, foreign languages, chemistry, physics.

12. A lot of schools give teenagers the habits of work with computers.

13. The main task of secondary school is to raise the quality of training and upbringing.

14 Different circles work at school to develop children's talents.

15. School psychologists help to solve urgent problems.

16. School-leaves have to master one of the mass professions.

17. In June pupils have final exams for the school-leaving certificates.

18. Professional schools and lyceums provide professional training.

19. There are many institutes, universities and academies in our country.

20. Being scientific and cultural centres, they train highly qualified specialists.

21. Higher educational institutions draw students into research work.

22. They may continue their studies at post-graduate Courses.
II. Pronounce correctly and translate into Russian:

citizen; the right to education; is ensured by the Constitution; system of education; secondary schools; lyceum; college; academy; term; mathematics; natural science; are taught by specialists; curriculum; chemistry; computers; quality; psychologist; to solve urgent problems; certificate; research.

Ш. Give English equivalents to the following words and expressions:

система образования; в возрасте; четыре четверти; природоведение; изобразительное искусство; учебная программа; более сложная; подростки; навыки работы; повышать качество обучения и воспитания; развивать таланты детей; решать срочные проблемы; должен овладеть; выпускные экзамены; аттестат зрелости; высшие учебные заведения; вовлекать в научно-исследовательскую работу.

IV. Make questions to the text, changing the word order. Answer the questions.

1. The right to education what insured by is?

2. Is divided into the school year terms how many?

3. Are the longest ones summer holidays, aren't they?

4. Of secondary school what the main task is?

5. Urgent problems helps to solve of who schoolchildren?

6. Train higher educational establishments whom do?
V. Make up dialogues, using the following questions:

1. When did you first start thinking about entering this Institute?

2. Did anybody advise you of it or was it your own choice?

3. What dictated your choice?

4. What exams were you to take?

5. How do you feel to be a student?

6. What subjects were you good at when at school?

7. What subjects are you good at now?

8. What marks do you expect to get during the examination period?
VII. It is interesting to know that:

... Moscow University was opened on the 7th of May, 1755, on the initiative of the great Russian scientist M.V.Lomonosov;

... the University had three faculties and 60 students;

… the philosophy faculty was obligatory for all students. Only in 2 or 3 years students could choose to study either law or medicine;

... all lectures were given in Latin;

... lectures in Russian were allowed only in 1767;

... the University produced such brilliant scholars as Sechenov, Timiryazev, Pavlov, Vernadsky;

... classics of Russian literature : Lermontov. Griboyedov. Turgenevand Chekhov also studied there;

... nowadays there are 23 faculties at the University.
I. Read the text:

1. The system of education in Great Britain is a complicated one.

2. Compulsory primary education begins at the age of five in England, Wales and Scotland and at four in Northern Ireland.

3. Pupils are taught «3 R's»: reading, writing and arithmetic.

4. When they are 7, pupils move to a junior school, which lasts for four years.

5. All the children are streamed into А, В, С, D classes.

6. Most of children go to state schools where education is free.

7. In private (public) or independent schools parents have to pay for the education.

8. Secondary education begins at 11.

9. The majority of secondary schools are Comprehensive schools, where boys and girls study together.

10. Besides there are Grammar schools, Secondary Modern schools.

11. At about 16 years old teenagers take some exams to get General Certificate of Secondary Education.

12. In two more years A-level (Advanced level) exams give them a chance to enter the university.

13. There are about 50 universities in Great Britain and the most famous are: Oxford and Cambridge Universities.

14. Not everybody can afford higher education because it is not free.

15. There are two kinds of schools in the United States of America: public schools and private ones.

16. Education in public schools is free.

17. The cost of education in private schools is different and not each family can afford it.

18. Education in the USA is compulsory for children from 6 to 16-18.

19. The school system has two levels: elementary (primary) and secondary (high).

20. Elementary schools give the basic knowledge.

21. Secondary schools are usually named high schools and their pupils are called students. Г

22. Pupils get А, B, C, D marks (grades).

23. After high school young people start working or enter colleges and universities.

24. Harvard University is the most desirable educational establishment for school-leaves.
II. Pronounce correctly and translate into Russian:

complicated, compulsory; junior school: independent; majority; comprehensive; teenagers; General Certificate of Secondary Education; Advanced level exams; afford; elementary; basic knowledge; desirable.

III. Give English equivalents to the following words and phrases:

делятся на потоки; родители должны платить за...; большинство средних школ дают возможность; не каждый может себе позволить; плата за обучение.

IV. Answer the following questions:

1. When does primary education begin in Great Britain?

2. Junior school lasts for four years, doesn't it?

3. Name the types of secondary schools in Great Britain.

4. What kind of exams do teenagers have?

5. Is higher education free or paid?

6. What is the difference between public and private schools in the USA?

7. What are the two levels of school system?

8. What marks do American pupils get?
V Complete the sentences and translate them into Russian:

1. Наиболееспособныедети attend A-streams, наименееспособные are in D-classes in Great Britain.

2. Грамматическиешколы provide an academic course from 11 to 18.

3. Наиболееизвестными Public schools are Eton, Winchester, Harrow.

4. Большинстводетейрабочих go to Modern schools. They give a very limited education.

5. КаждыйштатСША makes its own laws for the education system of this area.

6. Ученикиполучают A-grade for excellent work and D-for poor work.
VI. Do you know that:

… pupils have school uniform in England. It is an old tradition in the country;

… Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of penicillin was educated at the University of Edinburgh;

… many famous scientists and writers were educated at Cambridge, among them Newton, Darwin, Byron;

... the University of North Dakota was established on the 27th of February, 1883. The main campus of it is located in Grand-Forks;

... a college is like a university. The difference is that a university has several colleges;

... there are 2600 universities in the USA.
VII. Make dialogues to the topic, using the additional material.
I. Read the text:

1. Robert Burns is a Scotland's national poet.

2. He was born in 1759 in Alloway in a family of a poor farmer.

3. He was the eldest of seven children.

4. His father was a hard-working man and wanted to give his children the education he could.

5. Thanks to his father, Robert got a good knowledge of English, made a rapid progress in reading and writing.

6. At the same time he worked hard on the farm, helping the father.

7. At the age of 16 Robert Burns began to write.

8. He traveled much about Scotland, collecting popular folk-songs.

9. Robert admired the beautiful landscapes of the Highlands.

10. His famous poem «My Heart's in the Highlands» is devoted to his motherland.

11. Robert's poems reflected the people's soul and national character.

12. He considered his literary work as his patriotic duty.

13. Many Burns' lyrical poems were put to music.

14. All in all he contributed 200 songs.

15. They are known for passion and a lovely melody.

16. The poet's song «Oh, My Love is Like a Red Rose» is one of the most loved.

17. Many of his songs Robert devoted to his wife.

18. The best translations of Burns' poems into Russian were made by S. Marshak.

19. All his life the lack of money forced the poet to work physically beyond his strength.

20. Robert Burns died in 1796 at the age of 37 from the serious heart disease.

21. During his life-time he wrote the following well-known poems:

«The Jolly-Beggars», «To a Mouse», «The Two Dogs», «Halloween» and others.

22. People love Burns for generosity and kindness of his nature, for patriotism and truthfulness.

23. He contributed much to the world's literature.

24. Robert Burns' birthday is celebrated all over the world.

II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and phrases :

Robert Bums; Scotland's national poet; 1759; Alloway; a hard-working man; education; thanks to; a good knowledge of; made a rapid progress; folk-song; admired; landscape; Highlands; people's soul; character; literary work; patriotic duty; lyrical; music; contributed; passion; melody; the lack of money; beyond his strength; serious; generosity; truthfulness.

Ш. Give English equivalents to:

был самым старшим из семи детей; в то же время; в 16 лет; популярные народные песни; прекрасные пейзажи; национальный характер; были положены на музыку; всего; прекрасная мелодия; посвятил жене; работать физически с перенапряжением; во всем мире; серьезная болезнь сердца; за доброту души и патриотизм.

IV. Answer the following questions:

1. When and where was Robert Burns born?

2. Who helped him to become an educated person?

3. At the age of 16 Robert began to write, didn't he?

4. What did his poems reflect?

5 What are Robert Burns' songs known for?

6. Was Robert Burns a rich man?

7. Name some of his best known poems.

8. Why do people all over the world love Robert Burns' poetry?
V. AskinEnglish:

1. Был Роберт старшим или младшим из семи детей в семье?

2. Кем был его отец?

3. Помогал ли Роберт отцу на ферме?

4. Сколько песен он написал?

5. Кто перевел многие стихи Р. Бернса на русский язык?

6. Когда умер Р. Берне?

7. День рождения Р. Бернса празднуется по всему миру, не так ли?

VI. Do you know that:

… the love for Burns is a unique phenomenon, because Scotland honours his memorynot only as a poet, but also as a national hero;

... Scottish people sing his song «Auld Lang Syne» when they celebrate the 1st of

January, New Year's Day;

... Robert's wife was his great love for all life;

... Beethoven, Schumann, Mendelssohn composed music to the poet's verses;

... Russian composers Dm. Shostakovich, Yuri Levitin, Viktor Oransky set many ofBurns' poems to music.
VII. Remember some writings of Robert Burns:

«A Man's a Man for a That» – «Честнаябедность».

«The Tree of Liberty» – «Деревосвободы».

«The Jolly Beggars» – «Веселыенищие».

«My Heart's in the Highlands» – «Вгорахмоесердце».

«ARed, RedRose» – «Любовь, как роза красная».

I. Read the text:

1. Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov was a prominent Russian Soviet scientist.

2. He was born on the 12th of January, 1903 in the Urals.

3. Kurchatov graduated from the University in the Crimea.

4. In 1925 he started his scientific career in the Leningrad Physicotechnical Institute under academician F: Yoffe.

5. He carried out experimental work on dielectrics and ferro-electricity.

7. Kurchatov began his nuclear physics work in the 1930's.

8. In 1931 he made some important discoveries in the field of artificial radioisotopes.

9. In 1935 Kurchatov achieved a world reputation with the publication of a book on the problem of the atom.

10. Then he was appointed director of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory at the Institute in Leningrad.

11. Kurchatov and his colleagues have built the first two cyclotrons.

12. During the Second World War Kurchatov used his energy and experience for the defence of his country.

13. The first Soviet nuclear reactors were constructed under his guidance.

14. Kurchatov strove to extend research connected with peaceful use of nuclear power.

15. Using his experience and knowledge he contributed to the construction of the world's first industrial nuclear-power plant.

16. Kurchalov was very busy with his work, but he found time for active social activities.

17. He was very popular with the people.

18. Up to his death in 1960 Kurchatov permanently headed the Institute of Atomic Power.

19. The Soviet government highly valued exceptional qualities of the scientist.

20. Academician I. V. Kurchatov was the State and Lenin prize-winner; three times he was awarded the title of the Hero of Socialist Labour.

II. Pronounce correctly and translate into Russian:

prominent scientist; the Urals; Crimea; academician; dielectric; nuclear physics work; discoveries; in the field of artificial radioisotopes; cyclotrons; energy and experience; under his guidance; nuclear power; knowledge; nuclear power plant; active; social activities; permanently headed; exceptional qualities.

Ш. Give English equivalents to the following words and expressions:

выдающийся; научная деятельность; под руководством академика; приобрел всемирную известность; первые два советских циклотрона; мирное использование атома; активная общественная деятельность; бессменно возглавлял; используя свой опыт и знания; был занят работой.

IV. Read the dates:

the 12th of January; 1903; 1925; 1931; 1933; 1960.

V. Answer the questions:

1. Where and when was I. V Kurchatov born?

2. What did he graduate from?

3. When did I. V. Kurchatov start his scientific career?

4. What problem did Kurchatov publish his first book on?

5. When did he achieve a world reputation?

6. What can you say about the social activity of I. V. Kurchatov?

7. How did the government value exceptional qualities of the prominent scientist?

VI. Do you know that:

... V Kurchatov had a great sense of humour and liked to play jokes on his friends; ... his nickname was «Beard»:

… the first nuclear reactor in Europe was constructed in 1946 at the Institute, headed by Kurchatov;

... the first industrial power plant began its work on the 27th of June, 1954, in Obninsk. Kurchatov's dream of peaceful use of nuclear power came true;

... 104th element of Mendeleyev's Periodic Table was named Kurchatovy.

I. Read the text.

1. Kliment Arkadyevitch Timiryazev belongs to the most popular and respected scientists of Russia.

2. He was born in Petersburg on the 3rd of June, 1843.

3. His parents were well educated and progressive people of that time.

4. They influenced greatly his education and outlook.

5. In 1868 Kliment Timiryazev graduated from Petersburg University.

6. The same year he made a report on his experiments in the field of air nutrition of plants at the 1st Congress of Naturalists in Petersburg.

7. For about 2 years Timiryazev worked abroad in the laboratories of famous scientists.

8. In 1870 he returned to Russia and became the head of the Chair of Botany of Petrovskaya Academy,

9. Kliment Arkadyevitch was very popular with the students.

10. As a scientist, Timiryazev was the researcher, who devoted his whole life to solving the problem of air nutrition of plants.

11. This problem the problem of photosynthesis is very important.

12. It is connected with the existence of life on the Earth.

13. His books «The Life of Plants», «Charles Darwin and His Teaching», «The Historical Method in Biology» and many others have been published in many countries.

14. Timiryazev is one of the most outstanding theoreticians and followers of Darwin.

15. He was one of the greatest historians of science of life.

16. His work «The Main Achievements in Botany at the Beginning of the 20th Century» is considered to be the masterpiece indeed.

17. K. A. Timiryazev died on the 28th of April, 1920.

18. A monument to the great scientist was erected in Moscow.

19. Many educational establishments bear the name of K. A. Timiryazev.

20. Among them is the oldest Agricultural Academy of our country in Moscow.
II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and word-combinations:

belongs to; respected scientist; Petersburg; the 3rd of June; progressive people; experiments; influenced greatly; air nutrition of plants; Congress of Naturalists; laboratories; Academy; the Chair of Botany; researcher; solving the problem; photosynthesis; existence; theoreticians; the greatest historian; Achievements; masterpiece; Agricultural Academy; the 28th of April.

Ш. Give English equivalents to:

1843; 1868; 1870; 1920; хорошо образованные люди, оказали большое влияние; питание растений; естествоиспытатель; работал за границей; кафедра ботаники; пользовался популярностью у студентов; посвятил жизнь; проблема фотосинтеза; существование жизни на Земле; выдающийся теоретик и последователь; историк; в начале 20 века; считается шедевром; носят имя.

IV. Answer the following questions:

1. What is K. A. Timiryazev?

2. When and where was he born?

3 Who influenced his education and outlook?

4. What did K. A. Timiryazev graduate from?

5 He headed the Chair of Botany of Petrovskaya Academy in 1870, didn't he?

6. What did Timiryazev devote his whole life to?

7 Name the most important works of K. A. Timiryazev.

8. When did he die?
V. Complete the sentences, using the words, given below, translate them into Russian.

1. K. A. Timiryazev worked in the laboratories of........

2. In... he met with Charles Darwin.

3. Timiryazev established that the plants not only... water, but also... it.

4. His works contain effective formulae of the struggle with ... planting of ....

5. K. A. Timiryazev wrote: «The Democracy strengthened by... will bring Peace to the Peoples».

use; evaporate; France; Germany; England; science; forest-protection belts; weeds; drought.
VI. Do you know that:

… a tomato is at its peak of ripeness and makes the best eating about six days after the first appearance of colour;

... seeds of Canadian spruce from the USA, which had been in outer space were planted in the main botany garden of the Academy of Science. They were the part of the seed exchange during the Soyuz-Apollo space link-up;

… trees and plants help to take gases, such as carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, but we have now destroyed too many trees, so they are not enough to do this job;

... dangerous gases of refrigerators and spray cans are known for the damage they re doing to the ozone layer of the Earth;

... Green Belts are a vital part of Britain's land use planning system. They help to protect the surrounding countryside. There are 1.5 million hectares of Green Belts in England and 160,000 hectares in Scotland.

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