III. Find in the text equivalents to the following expressions:
маленький провинциальный город; Западная Сибирь; был основан; получил статус города; ремесленный и торговый город; крупный железнодорожный узел; учебные заведения; средние школы; музеи очень популярны; памятники и исторические здания, напоминают нам о прошлом; ежегодно проводится; отличается от...; очень живописны; хорошо проводят время.
IV. Brush up the dates and numerals: 1680; 1782; 1793; 1891; 1913; 200; 70,000.
V. Answer the questions :
1. Where is Ishim situated?
2. When was it founded?
3. When did the village get the status of a town?
4. What industries are developed here?
5. What do the Ishimians have at their disposal?
6. Name some places of interest in your town.
7. The name of P.P.Ershov is connected with Ishim, isn't it?
8. When did A.P.Chekhov have his stay here?
9. What is annually held in Ishim, in December?
10. When was the railroad line built?
11. Describe your town nowadays.
12. Whom is the town administration headed by?
13. What is the population of Ishim?
VI. Put questions to the following sentences:
1. There is much greenery in Ishim.
2. The Cathedral of Epiphany and the old building of our Institute are situated in thehistorical part of the town.
3. The Central Cinema house is opposite the Museum.
4. There is a new monument quite near the Institute.
5. The wooden building of the Children's Library is famous for its architecture.
6. The monument to A.I. Odoevsky is one of the places of interest in Ishim.
7. A. Odoevsky was exiled to Ishim in 1836.
THE TYUMEN REGION I. Read the text:
1. The Tyumen Region is situated in West Siberia.
2. It was founded on the 14th of August, 1944.
3. The population of our Region is over 3 mln people.
4. The Tyumen Region covers the territory of 1500000 square kilometers, 40% of it.
5. There are about 450000 lakes and a great number of rivers in our Region.
6. The main rivers of our Region are the Ob, the Irtysh, the Tobol, the Ishim.
7. There are two autonomous okrugs, 38 districts, 26 towns in our Region.
8. The largest towns are Tyumen, Tobolsk, Surgut, Ishim.
9. Tyumen was the first Russian town in Siberia founded in 1586.
10. It was the site of a Tatar town Chingi-Tur located on the Tura.
11. Nowadays Tyumen is the regional, industrial, scientific and cultural centre with the population over 500000 people.
12. The Tyumen Region is rich in natural resources: oil, gas, peat, ore, non-ferrous metals.
13. The industrial output of oil and gas was begun in 1964.
14. 530 deposits give 66% of the Russian oil and gas.
15. Engineering, food, fish, timber-chemical and building-materials industries are developed in our Region.
16. The Tyumen Region is rich in forests, wild animals and birds.
17. The rivers and lakes provide people with many kinds of fish.
18. The climate of the Region is rather severe.
19. Sometimes in winter the temperature reaches the point of -50° C.
20. There are many historical and cultural places in the Tyumen Region.
21. The most unique is the Tobolsk Kremlin.
22. The names of D.Mendeleyev, P.Ershov, A. Alyabyev are closely connected with our Region.
23. In 1967 the Tyumen Region was awarded Lenin Order for the deeds of our people in oil, gas and other branches of industry.
24. Nowadays the Tyumen Region is one of the largest industrial and agricultural centers of Russia.
II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to:
West Siberia; covers the territory; square kilometers; marshes; located; nowadays; regional centre; natural resources; non-ferrous metals; output; deposits; timber-chemical; wild animals; provide; rather severe; the temperature reaches the point; unique; are closely connected; was awarded, autonomous.
III. Give English equivalents to the following words and word combinations:
занимает территорию; болота; местонахождение; расположенный на реке Туре; в настоящее время; промышленный, научный и культурный центр; природные ресурсы; месторождение; промышленная добыча; обеспечивать; лесо-химический; довольно суров; уникальный; достижения.
IV. Read the dates and numbers:
on the 14th of August;1944; over 3 mln people; 1500000 square kilometers; 40%; 66%; 530 deposits; about 450.000 lakes; 1586; 500.000 people; 1964; -50° C; 1967.
V. Answer the questions:
1. Where is the Tyumen Region situated?
2. When was it founded?
3. What territory does it cover?
4. Name the main rivers of the Region.
5. When and where was Tyumen founded?
6. What natural resources is our Region rich in?
7. How many deposits of oil and gas were found?
8. Name the main industries developed in the Region.
9. The climate of our Region is rather severe, isn't it?
10. What great people were born in the Tyumen Region?
VI. Ask questions on the following sentences:
1. The length of the Tyumen Region from the north to the south is 2100 km, from thewest to the east it is 1400 km.
2. East of the Urals there is the magnificent land called Siberia.
3. In l885 the Yekaterinburg-Tyumen railroad line was built.
4. Tobolsk was founded in 1587.
5. Many new towns and workers settlements were built in the taiga and tundra.
6. The length of the Ishim is 2450 km.
7. The Ob-Irtysh is the longest river system in Russia, it is 5410 km (long).
VII. Imagine, that one of your pen-friends came to see you. He has never been to Siberia and knows nothing about the Tyumen Region. Make dialogues. OUR MOTHERLAND I. Read the text:
1. The Russian federation, Russia, is the largest country in the world.
2. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia.
3. Its total area is about 17 mln square kilometres.
4. About 150 mln people live in Russia.
5. The country is washed by 12 seas and 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic.
6. In the south Russia borders on China, Mongolia, Korea. Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan, in the west on Norway, Finland, the Baltic States, Belarus, the Ukraine.
7. It also has a sea border with the USA.
8. The largest mountain chain, the Urals, separates Europe from Asia.
9. The longest river in Europe, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea.
10. The main rivers the Lena, the Ob, the Yenisei flow from the south to the north, the Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean.
11. The world's deepest lake Baikal (1600 metres) is also in Russia.
12. Russia has one-sixth of the world's forests.
13. There are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south and continental in the middle of the country.
14. Russia is very rich in oil, natural gas, coal, iron ore, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.
15. The capital of our country is Moscow.
16. It is the largest political, scientific, cultural and industrial centre.
17. Moscow was founded in 1147 by prince Yuri Dolgoruky.
18. The largest industrial centres of Russia are St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Novosibirsk and others.
19. Russia is a federal republic.
20. The Head of the State is President.
21. The legislative organ is the Federal Council.
22. Russia's three coloured flag has white, blue and red horizontal stripes.
23. The emblem of Russia is a double-headed eagle.
II. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and word combinations:
the Russian Federation; covers; total area; is washed by; ocean; the Pacific: the Arctic; the Atlantic; borders on; China; Mongolia; Korea; Kazakhstan; Georgia; Azerbaijan; Norway; Finland; the Baltic States; Belarus; Ukraine; sea border; mountain chain; the Urals; Europe; Asia; the Caspian Sea; flows; various types of climate; arctic; subtropical; continental; in the north; in the south; coal; iron ore; copper; nickel; mineral resources; prince; emblem; federal republic; legislative organ; horizontal stripes, a double-headed eagle.
IV. Answer the following questions:
1 Where is the Russian Federation situated?
2. What is its area and population?
3. Describe the geographical position of our country.
4. What is the largest mountain chain of Russia?
5. What are the longest rivers of our country?
6. What types of climate are there in Russia?
7. What mineral resources is Russia rich in?
8. When was Moscow founded? What kind of city is it?
9. What kind of State is Russia?
10. The legislative State organ is the State Duma, isn't it?
11. Name the symbol and emblem of Russia.
V. Do you know much about Russia? Complete the sentences correctly.
1. The length of Russia from the west to the east is about...
8000km 10000km 11000 km
2. The length of Russia from the north to the south is about....
6. The first train brought its passengers from St. Petersburg to Tsarskoye Selo in....
1800 1837 1849
7. The Metro in Moscow began its work in....
1930 1935 1940
8. The size of Red Square is....
500m x 100m 655m x 125m 695m x 135m
9. Olympic Games were held in Moscow in....
1980 1984 1988
VI. Work in pairs. Make dialogues «Our Motherland». VII. Do you know that:
...there are 20 active volcanoes on the Kamchatka peninsula; ...the first printed newspaper appeared in Russia in 1703;
...the first school in Russia was opened in Novgorod by Yaroslav Mudry;
...in the 16th century under Ivan-the -Terrible Moscow became the capital of
GREAT BRITAIN I. Read the text:
1 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland lies on the British Isles.
2. The British Isles include two large islands: Great Britain, Ireland and about 5000 small ones
3. The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
4. The capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.
5. The territory of the UK is 244000 square kilometres.
6. The population is over 57 mln people.
7. Great Britain is separated from the continent of Europe by the English Channel and the Strait of Dover.
8. The Atlantic Ocean washes the country in the west and the north-west.
9. In the east it is washed by the North Sea.
10. Great Britain and Ireland are separated by the Irish Sea.
11. The climate of the country is very specific: it is not very cold in winter and never very hot in summer.
12. It often rains in all seasons.
13. The longest river is the Severn, but the most important one is the Thames.
14. There are many mountains in Great Britain, they are almost all in the north and west.
15. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland.
16. The United Kingdom is a capitalist state with a highly developed industry and agriculture.
17. The main industries are: shipbuilding, coal-mining, textile, electronics and chemical ones.
18. London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic, industrial and commercial centre.
19. The largest cities of the country are: Birmingham, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester, Bristol and others.
20. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional (parliamentary) monarchy.
21. The Queen is the Head of the state, but the power in the country belongs to the Parliament.
22. It consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
23. The main political parties are the Conservative and the Labour.
II. Pronounce the following geographical names correctly:
the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; the British Isles; England; Wales; Scotland; London; Edinburgh; Cardiff; Belfast; Europe; the English Channel; the North Sea; the Atlantic Ocean; the Irish Sea; the Severn; the Thames; Ben Nevis; Birmingham; Glasgow; Liverpool; Manchester; Bristol; the Strait of Dover.
III. Give Russian equivalents to the following words and word-combinations. Pronounce them correctly.
include; consists of; is separated from the continent; specific; a capitalist state; shipbuilding; highly developed; coal-mining; textile; electronics; chemical; commercial centre, the Queen; a constitutional monarchy; the power belongs to the Parliament; the House of Lords; the House of Commons; parties; the Conservative; the Labour.
IV. Answer the following questions :
1. Where is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland situated?
2. What countries does it consist of? Name their capitals.
3. The territory of the UK is 244,000 square kilometres, isn't it?
4. What is the country washed by?
5. What kind of climate has it?
6. What can you tell about the rivers? mountains?
7. Name the main industries.
8. What are the largest cities of the UK?
9. Whom does the power in the country belong to?
10. Name the main political parties.
V. Translate the sentences from Russian into English, using the words, given below.
1. Сити-это... Лондона.
2. Старейшими университетами Англии являются....
3. Тауэру почти....
4. Колонна Нельсона....
5. Лондонское метро было открыто в ....
6. Национальный флаг Соединенного Королевства называют....
7. ... под Ла-Маншем соединяет Великобританию с Европой.
8. Национальным героем Великобритании является....
9. Самым популярным озером в Шотландии является....
900 years old: 60 metres high; the business centre; the tunnel; Oxford, Cambridge; 1870:Loch Ness; Union Jack; Robin Hood; Robert Burns.
VI. Do you know, that:
... many famous scientists and writers were educated at Cambridge, among them Newton, Darwin, Byron;
...William Shakespeare was born on the 23rd of April, 1564 in Stratford-on-Avon and created 37 plays and 154 sonnets;
...the Great Fire of London took place in 1666;
...when the Parliament is sitting, the flag flies on the top of Big Ben;
...the English are stay-at-home people. They like to live in small houses with gardens. Everybody knows the saying : «The Englishman's home is his castle».
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
I. Read the text: 1. The new continent of America was discovered by Columbus in 1492.
2. The United States of America is situated in the central part of the North American continent.
3. It is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and the Mexico Gulf.
4. The area of the USA is 9.5 mln square kilometers.
5. The population of the country is over 256 mln people.
6. The USA was formed in 1776.
7. It was settled, built and developed by generations of immigrants and their children.
8. The USA is a federal state consisting of 50 states and one independent district - the District of Columbia.
9. There are many mountains in the country; the largest mountain chains are the Cordilleras and the Appalachians.
10. The longest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri, the Colorado and the Columbia.
11. There are five great lakes between the USA and Canada.
12. The USA has different climatic regions, but on the whole the climate is continental.
13. The United States of America is rich in mineral resources: coal, oil, natural gas, iron, gold and silver, copper, zinc and others.
14. Such industries as machine-building, electronics and space engineering, metallurgy, chemical, mining, textile are highly developed here.
15. American agriculture produces a lot of food products and more than 52 per cent of the world's corn, wheat, cotton, tobacco.
16. The capital of the country is Washington, District of Columbia, situated on the Potomac river.
17. Lots of tourists travel to the USA just to see the Capitol, the White House, the Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, the Statue of Liberty and the highest sky-scrapers in New-York and other places of interest.
19. The President is the head of the state and the government.
20. He is elected for four years and may take his office for 2 terms.
21. There are two main political parties in the USA: the Democratic Party and the Republican one.
22. The national flag, often called «Stars and Stripes» consists of 13 horizontal stripes and 50 stars, one for each state.
II. Pronounce the following words and expressions correctly:
North American; Pacific Ocean; Atlantic Ocean; the Mexico Gulf; District of Columbia; Cordilleras; Appalachians; the Mississippi; the Missouri; the Colorado; the Columbia; Canada; Washington: the Potomac; the Capitol; the White House; the Washington Monument; the Lincoln Memorial, the statue of Liberty.
III. Pronounce correctly and give Russian equivalents to the following words and word combinations:
Columbus; was discovered; in the central part; continent; western coast; eastern coast; generations of immigrants; a federal state; independent; climatic regions; continental; silver; copper; zinc; space-engineering: metallurgy; textile; chemical; to produce; products; 52 per cent; wheat; tobacco; sky-scrapers; Congress; Senate; the House of Representatives; government; Democratic; Republican; horizontal.
IV. Answer the questions:
1. Where is the United States of America situated?
2. What is it washed by?
3. Whom was the country settled and built by?
4. Name the largest mountain chains and the longest rivers of the
5. What mineral resources is it rich in?
6. What industries are highly developed in the country?
7. Name the most famous places of interest.
8. The state organ of the USA is the Congress, isn't it?
9. How is the national flag called?
1. Самым большим штатом США является Аляска.
2. Самой высокой горой в США является гора Мак-Кинли, 6193 м.
3. Действующая конституция была принята в США в 1787 году, в Филадельфии.
4. Сначала Нью-Йорк назывался Нью-Амстердам.
5. Старейшим университетом США является Гарвардский университет, основанный в 1636 г.
6. Статуя Свободы была подарена США правительством Франции в 1886 г.
VI. Complete the sentences, choosing the correct word:
1. Date of Independence is....
June, 4 July, 4 July, 14
2. The emblem of New-York is....
an apple a pear an orange
3. Washington Monument, called "Pencil", is... metres high.
150 160 180
4. Hollywood is in...
Las Vegas Los-Angeles San Francisco
5. Alaska was sold by Russia to the USA in....
1800 1856 1867
VII. Do you know, that:
… the youngest President of the USA was the 44 year old John Kennedy;
… the great lakes are Michigan, Ontario, Huron, Erie, Superior;
... the eagle became the official national symbol of the USA in 1782. It carries an olive branch ( a sign of peace) and arrows (signs of strength);
... the Statue of Liberty is 46 metres high and its pedestal is also about 46 metres.
A.S.MAKARENKO I. Read the text:
1. Anton Semenovich Makarenko, an outstanding Russian Soviet educator and writer, was born to a worker's family in Belopolye, a small town in the Kharkov region.
2. His parents wanted very much to see their son well-educated.
3. First he studied at a village school, then finished the program of the six-year school.
4. In 1917 Makarenko graduated from the Poltava Teachers Training Institute.
5. Then he went to work.
6. During the Civil War many children lost their parents.
7. The colonies were organized for them.
8. Anton Makarenko was the head of such a colony.
9. In the Gorky Colony and later in the Dzerzhinsky Commune, Makarenko formulated the main principles of his method.
10. He set himself the task of bringing up a harmoniously developed individual.
11. He trusted in the reforming force of the collective.
12. Being a gifted writer Makarenko wrote several novels, short stories and plays.
13. His most popular books are: «The Road to Life», «Learning to Live», «On Education» and «The Book for Parents».
14. «The Road to Life» is based on real facts.
15. It deals with real people who lived in the Gorky Colony.
16. Makarenko's writings were published about 250 times.