B1 Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A –F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7.Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
The speaker has some doubts about the degree he/she’s got.
The speaker is absolutely unhappy with the degree he/she’s got.
The speaker has passed his/her degree and is going to start his/her job in a few days.
The speaker hasn’t finished his/her studies yet but is quite sure about the future job.
The speaker is going to meet the family and then look for some job.
The speaker has passed his/her exams and is quite sure what he/she is going to do for the next few years.
The speaker is going to meet the family soon and then take the next degree.
Вы услышите рассказ учителя об особенностях обучения чтению.Определите, какие из приведенных утверждений А1–А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чем в нем не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. A1. Reading and driving are similar because you have to pass tests.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A2. Young people can’t concentrate on the plot while reading.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A3. Some people prefer to watch screen version of the book on TV rather than to read it.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A4. Experienced readers do not say the words aloud or in their heads.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A5. While learning to read children tend to pronounce the words briefly.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A6. Let your children watch TV only when you are at home.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
A7. Mastering your reading skills is a life-long process.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
ВыуслышитеинтервьюВ заданиях А8–А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую номеру выбранного вами варианта ответа. Выуслышитезаписьдважды. A8.When we talk about communication revolution we mean…
1. the variety of electronic devices we use
2. the importance of electronic devices we use
3. the easiness in usage of electronic devices
A9. Mr R.Emsworth said that the number of telephones used in Italy is ….
1. two times as much as in China
2. 200 times bigger than in China
3. two times less than in China
A10.The main advantage of e-mail is…
1. a big number of users you can get in touch with.
2. the distance your message can easily cover.
3. the possibility to keep your message “inbox”.
A11.What can be frustrating about using answering machines?
1. sending the recorded messages
2. getting no actual response
3. talking to the actual person
A12.The invention of telegraph marked the beginning of…
1. the more effective communication
2. a new way of writing letters
3. a wireless method of sending messages
A13. We might say that the first victim of communication revolution was…
1. a suspect taking a train to London
2. a railway man on a train to London
3. a policeman in London
A14.Mr R.Emsworththinks that all innovative telecommunication devices…
1. are absolutely unpredictable in their further application.
2. do not always meet the scientists’ expectations.
3. are quite necessary in everyday life.
По окончании выполнения заданий В1 и А1 – А14 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В1, А1 – А14 располагаются в разных частях бланка.При переносе ответов в задании В1(в нижней части бланка) буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 2. Чтение
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1 - 8и текстами A – G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
Who retails it
How it is harvested
It helps survive
It gives you energy
How it spread
The first coffee addicts
How it all began
Where it is harvested
Coffee: what do you know about this popular stimulant?
A. It is said that the story of coffee started with an Ethiopian goatherd named Kaldi. One day Kaldi was surprised to see that his goats were behaving very strangely: instead of grazing quietly as normal they were jumping around, almost dancing. He also noticed the red cherries from a plant that the goats were eating. He tried some himself and was surprised by the feeling of extreme happiness and excitement - he felt like dancing too!
B. But it wasn't used as a drink at first, but as a food. The coffee berries, mixed with animal fat, were used by monks to stay awake during long hours of prayer. From Ethiopia coffee was later cultivated in Yemen and the first hot drink was developed there around AD 1000. Three centuries later Muslims were keen coffee drinkers and as Islam spread, so did coffee. Coffee houses appeared in Cairo and Mecca.
C. For hundreds of years the plants were guarded safely. But some beans were smuggled out of Arabia and taken to India. In the 17th century coffee was soon growing in a new continent. From India to Indonesia and then a century later beans were smuggled once again to Brazil-which is now the largest coffee producer in the world.
D. It is the caffeine, an addictive stimulant drug, which made the goats dance and kept the monks awake. Although it is found in other soft drinks, including tea, coffee has the most caffeine. 150 milligrams is the minimum dose needed to stimulate the nervous system and this can be found in a single strong cup of coffee. In the short-term a couple of cups can prevent fatigue and delay sleep. But several cups a day, every day, can cause anxiety and restlessness.
E. A coffee plant likes lots of rain and shaded sun with rich soil. 70 - 75% of the world production is the milder, higher quality Arabica that originated in Ethiopia. It grows best in higher altitudes where it is not so hot. The remaining 25% is the stronger Robusta which can survive in higher temperatures and lower altitudes.
F. Before becoming beans the fruit of the coffee trees, known as a cherry, is harvested. The most common method is for the cherries to be picked by hand and then dried in the sun on tables or on the ground. Once they are dried all the outer layers are removed. The red cherries have become green beans. Known now as green coffee the beans are put in 60kg bags and shipped abroad.
G. Although the coffee is grown and harvested in the tropics 70% of the total coffee production is imported by countries in the North who control the market. How long the coffee is roasted for depends on the market: only 7 minutes for the North Americans who prefer a light roast, but double that time for espresso coffee favoured by the Italians. Nestle and Kraft account for almost 80% of all the instant-coffee sales worldwide.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A – Fчастями предложений 1 – 7. Одна из частей в списке 1 – 7 лишняя. Перенесите ответы в таблицу.
Born in 1757 in London William Blake began writing at an early age and claimed to have had his first vision, of a tree full of angels, at age 10. A misunderstood poet, artist and visionary throughout much of his life, Blake found admirers late in life and has been vastly influential since his death in 1827. Today he is regarded as one of the most original of English writers and artists A________________
He only briefly attended school, being chiefly educated at home by his mother. The Bible had an early, profound influence on Blake, and it would remain a lifetime source of inspiration. He spent most of his years in the centre of the capital, B_____________; the streets of the metropolis became for him windows to infinite time and space.
Blake's visions began early, and throughout his life he experienced what was, for him, direct contact with spirits of the long-dead, with angels, God and the devil. While modern psychiatry would consider Blake to have been under the spell of hallucinations,C_________ .
He was also not shy in describing the sources of his inspiration to his friends and colleagues. The eccentric reputation he thus gained did little to help him to commercial success; for most of his life his work was neglected, D____________ .
But while his work was often out of step with his time, E_________ .Trained as an engraver, he pushed forward the boundaries of that art by his own innovations, and combined it with his poetry to such an extent that one cannot be properly understood without the other. Among the best known (and easiest to understand) of his hand-illustrated books are Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience, F_________ . His long list of works shows relentless energy and drive. As one of the most complex writers known, it is impossible to summarise his career – he was a combination of extremes.
1 for him the visions were real, and directly inspired and guided his art
2 but his visionary powers transformed all around him
3 despite all this, his dedication to his art never wavered
4 and he often lived near to poverty
5 which contain some of the simplest and most beautiful lyrics in the English language
6 yet during his lifetime he was largely ignored and often called mad
7 few of the best artists of his day doubted his technical ability
Пропуск в тексте
Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания А15 – А21. В каждом задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Занеситеответывтаблицу
Му father, the Master of Suspense
Patricia Hitchcock is small like hеr father, Britain's most famous and commercially successful film director, Alfred Hitchcock. She also hаs something of the intense gaze recognisable from photographs оf her mother, Alma. This genetic fusion is entirely apt, for, like his only child, Hitchcock's films were very much а collaborative effort with his wife, who was older than him by just а day and outlived him by only two years.
In the early years of their relationship, Hitchcock was actually the junior partner. The couple met at one of the London film studios. It was still the silent еrа, and Hitchcock, who had become obsessed with film-making, pestered the studio until they gave him а job designing title cards. Alma was а film editor and at first would have little to do with him. They finally fell in love after he was given his first directing break, on а never completed film called Number 13. From their marriage to his death in 1980, theirs was as much а creative as an emotional partnership.
Alma's role was to oversee scripts through development to post-production. “I don't think she ever got the credit she deserved,” says her daughter. “In part it was because she was а wоmаn in а man's world, but she was also а very quiet person who liked to lead а very quiet life.”
Patricia Hitchcock was born in London in 1928, three years after hеr father made his directing debut in The Pleasure Garden, А year later Hitchcock's Blackmail was released. His growing reputation made а move to America inevitable. The family arrived in New York on the еvе of the Second World War, never to return to London, except for Patricia who went tо the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts when she was 16. After graduating, she was quickly assimilated into the family “firm”, appearing in several оf Hitchcock's films including Psycho.
Real life with the Hitchcock’s, though, rarely matched the thrills and unexpected twists of their films. There were no unpleasant secrets or murderous neighbours. Rather, the opposite was the case. According tо their daughter, the couple thrived on mundanity. Hitchcock's favourite meal was steak and chips Не also abhorred violence. “The thought of it appalled him. Не was an extremely kind and gentle man,” says Patricia.
Perhaps because of his fame, Hitchcock enjoyed remarkable control over the film-making process, which would typically include hours spent on framing individual shots. In а career that lasted over half а century, his daughter recalls only one occasion where there was а major disagreement with the studio over а script.
Не was, anyway, says Patricia, above all а commercial director. who made films he believed his audiences wanted tо see. “You must remember that when Psycho first саmе оut it was not well reviewed by the critics, especially because he made them go and see it at а cinema instead of the private showings they were used to. And hе wouldn’t let anyone go in after it had started. But it was instantly а huge success at the bох office.”
Is there anyone working today who has inherited the Hitchcock mantle? She thinks probably not. But hеr father would, she believes, have admired Steven Spielberg. “lt’s not the sort of film he would have made, but he would have loved ЕТ. It was pure entertainment, and that was what he was always about.”
A15.Alfred Hitchcock’s wife Alma: 1) was two years older than her husband.
2) was two years younger than her husband.
3) was а day younger than her husband.
4) died two years after her husband.
A16.Alfred and Alma Hitchcock first met: 1) when he was directing his first film.
2) when hе was given а job in а film studio.
3) when they became partners in а film studio.
4) when he gave her а job as а film editor.
A17.Why does Patricia Hitchcock believe her mother never became famous? 1) Because Alfred Hitchcock never gave her credit for the work she did.
2) Because she was not interested in becoming famous.
3) Because she did not have а lot to do with the production stage of film-making.
4) Because she didn't get on well with men.
A18.What was the name of Alfred Hitchcock's first completed film? 1) Number 13 2) Blackmail 3) Psycho 4) The Pleasure Garden A19.When Patricia Hitchcock turned 16:
1) she began working in her father’s films.
2) she went to live in New York.
3) she went back to London to study.
4) she visited England for the first time.
A20.Patricia Hitchcock remembers her father as:
1 а man with а violent temper who dominated her mother.
2 а typical celebrity who was often difficult to work with
3 an unpleasant and secretive person who often had problems with the neighbours.
4 а rather conventional man who wanted to make films people would enjoy.
A21.What does ‘that’ in the last line refer to?
1) pure entertainment
2) the sort of films Alfred Hitchcock would have made
3) Steven Spielberg’s film, ET 4) the director who is most like Alfred Hitchcock
По окончании выполнения заданий В2, В3 и А15 – А21 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В2 – В3, А15 – А21 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В2 и В3 цифры записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведенные ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если необходимо, слова напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами В4 – В10, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текстов. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В4-В10.
Broadstairs, a town on the south coast of England, is famous for …..
Dickens Festival, which ….. every June. Dickens’ most famous
books are “A Christmas Carol” and “Oliver Twist”. “A Christmas Carol” which is about a mean man whose life is changed by the visits of three ghosts, …..into several films often shown at Christmas on television.
Yesterday evening a fire badly damaged the … Grand Hotel in
Bournemouth. … glass injured a number of the guests
who … a New Year’s party at the hotel. Ten people are still in hospital where they are treated for shock. Police … guests and hotel staff since this morning to discover what happened.
Прочитайте приведенный ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерамиВ11 – B16, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11 – В16.
B14 B15 B16
Films which involve a lot of fighting do contribute to … among young people, according to recent research. Children tended to see killers as “cool” and “…” , and were so involved whilst watching, that their heart rate changed … . To them, any suffering
was … and they had fantasies afterwards of controlling
people, using guns. The results are very worrying, since often
children cannot distinguish between … events and reality.
This has been seen recently in the USA, where after one tragic
playground killing a child said …, “Doctor, I had no idea
that bullets could hurt”.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А22 – А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям A22 – A28, в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведитеномервыбранноговамивариантаответа. The first night I spent alone in the castle was the most A22_______ night of my life. My grandmother had recently died and had left me the place in her A23______. It was a old Scottish castle with a long and mysterious history. I didn’t feel afraid when I arrived there in the evening, but as night fell I began to feel cold and A24________. I decided to go upstairs to bed at 11 o’clock, and soon fell into a deep sleep. I was awakened a few hours later by a strange noise in the room. I turned on the lamp quickly and, to my horror, saw that there was a A25_________ ugly old woman standing at the foot of my bed. She was A26________ a black dress and her face was totally white. Her eyes were red and she was A27_________ at me with an evil smile on her face. I wanted to scream and run out of the room, but I was afraid to move. Suddenly, she floated up in the air and flew at me, screaming horribly. I leapt out of bed, ran downstairs, out of the castle door, jumped into my car and drove off at top speed. I have never been back to the castle A28________ that day. At the moment, I’m trying to sell it.
1) frightened 2) terrifying 3)scare 4) terrified
1) will 2) document 3) wish 4) paper
1) only 2) single 3)lonely 4) along
1) enough 2) rather 3) so 4) too
1) having 2)putting on 3) dressing 4) wearing
1) staring 2) watching 3) viewing 4) glancing
1) from 2) since 3) till 4) on
По окончании выполнения заданий В4 – В16, А22 – А28 НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ПЕРЕНЕСТИ СВОИ ОТВЕТЫ В БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ №1! ОБРАТИТЕ ВНИМАНИЕ, что ответы на задания В4 – В16, А22 – А28 располагаются в разных частях бланка. При переносе ответов в заданиях В4 – В16 буквы записываются без пробелов и знаков препинания.
Раздел 4 Письмо
Для ответов на задания С1 и С2 используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые пометки можно делать прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий С1 и С2 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным в бланке ответов № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (С1, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.
You have received a letter from your Spanish friend Marco who writes:
…Yesterday I met some friends of mine at the café and we had a long discussion about our future profession. Where do you usually meet with your friends when you have free time? What kinds of things do you talk about with your friends? Do you ever have serious discussions, and if so, what about?
...By the way, we moved flat!….
Write back to Marco.
In your letter:
answer his questions
ask 3 questions about Marco’s new flat.
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
Comment on the following statement.
Some people believe that boys and girls should attend separate schools. They even insist on different curricula and different sets of text books for boys and girls
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
make an introduction (state the problem)
express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion.
express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.
explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion