WASHINGTON IS THE CAPITOL OF THE USA
Устинова Ольга Александровна
учитель иностранного языка
первой квалификационной категории
Цели и задачи урока:
Познакомить учащихся с достопримечательностями Вашингтона, культурой страны изучаемого языка.
Развивать навыки монологической речи и аудирования.
Развитие чувства толерантности, умение работать в коллективе.
Teacher: Good morning boys and girls. Today we should know much information about the capital of the USA. Let’s watch some slides.
The capital of the United States is situated on the Potomac River in the District of Colombia. This area is not a state and is not in fact a municipality, but Federal Land.
The nation’s first president, George Washington, selected the site for the district. It is the first carefully planned capital in the world.
George Washington was born in Virginia, just south of Washington,D.C. He grew up on a large farm. He went to school for about eight years. He especially liked to study mathematics. He also liked to study history and geography, because he wanted to know about other parts of the world. George Washington led the American army in many battles during the War for American Independence.
The Washington Monument
There are many statues of G. Washington in Washington , D. C. However, the principal monument honoring nation’s first president is a simple obelisk, 170 meters high, built on a slight rise in the center of the city’s federal. Begun in 1848, it was not completed until 1885 because of funding problems and the Civil War. Visitors can see district break in the color of the stone of the monument one quarter of the way up, marking the pause in its construction.
The White House
The White House, the official residence of the President, stands in tree-shaded grounds on the south side of Pennsylvania Avenue. The main building has 6 floors,
with the East Terrace leading to the East Wing, a 3-story building used for offices and as an entrance for official events. The West Terrace contains offices and leads to the Executive Office.
The White House has a lot of beautiful rooms, each one has its own distinctive style.The largest is the East Room which is used for State balls ,receptions, press-conferences and other events .The finest room is the Blue Room is used by the President to receive guest. The Red Room is used for small receptions. It is a favourite room of First Ladies. The Capitol and the White House are open to visitors daily.
The White House was designed by James Hoban, an Irish-born architect.
The Capitol in Washington, D. C. is among most the architecturally impressive and symbolically important buildings in the world. It has housed the meeting chambers of the Senate and the House of Representatives for almost two centuries. Begun in 1793, the Capitol has been built, re built, extended, and restored; today , it stands as a monument not only to its builders but also to the American people and government. As the focal point of the government’s Legislative Branch, the Capitol is the centerpiece of the Capitol Complex, which includes the six Congressional office buildings and three Library of Congress constructed on the Capitol Hall in the 19 and 20 centuries. The Capitol is the center of the city. The Capitol was built according to the plans of William Thornton. He was an amateur architect. It was made of stone and marble and contains 540 rooms. Il is the tallest building in Washington. Topping the dome is the 19- foot bronze statue of Freedom.
The Library of Congress.
The Library of Congress is the Nation’s library. Its cervices extend not only to Members and committees of the Congress, but to the executive and judicial branches of government, to libraries throughout the Nation and the world, and to the scholars and researchers and artists and scientists who use its resources. This was not always the case. When President John Adams signed the bill that provided for the removal of the seat of government to the new capital city of Washington in 1800, he created a reference library for Congress only. The bill provided, among other items,$ 5000 “ for the purchase of such books as may be use of Congress-and for putting up a suitable apartment for containing them therein…”.
The first books were ordered from England and shipped across the Atlantic in 11 hair trunks and a map case. The library was housed in the new Capitol, until August 1814, at which time British troops invaded Washington , and when they put the torch to the Capitol Building, the small Library was lost.
Collections of the whole Library include more than 86 million items covering virtually every subject in formats that vary from papyrus to optical disk. These materials stretch along 535 miles of shelves and are being acquired at a rate of 10 items a minute. The Library has 26 million books in 60 languages and more than36 million manuscripts, among them such treasures of American history and culture as the papers of Presidents, notable families, writers, artists and scientists.
The Smithsonian Institution.
A vast complex of museums and galleries, laboratories and halls of learning. Research centers and editorial offices. The Smithsonian Institution, though centers in Washington, also maintains a variety of facilities throughout the Nation and world. But to the general public the Smithsonian is best known for its exhibition halls in the Nation’s Capital. These include, among others, the National Gallery of Art, the Museum of Natural History, the National Museum of American History, the Air and Space Museum, the Museum of History and Technology.
Supported in part by public funding and in part by private donations, the Smithsonian was established in 1846, thanks to a bequest of $508000 from a British scientist, James Smithson, for “an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men”.
In becoming one of the world’s foremost institutes of research and enlightenment, and establishing its public displays, the Smithsonian has more than carried out its benefactor’s charge.
The National Gallery of Art.
The National Gallery of Art was created for the people of the United States of America by a joint resolution of Congress.
The Board of Trustees consists of four public servants and five private citizens. Under the policies set by the Board, the Gallery acquires and maintains a collection of paintings, sculpture, and the graphic arts, representative of the best in the artistic heritage of America and Europe.
The paintings and sculpture given by the founder, Andrew Mellon, including works by the greatest masters from 13 through the 19 centuries, have formed a nucleus of high quality around which the collections have grown.
The collections of the National Gallery of Art are so rich that it is absolutely impossible to enlist all the painters and sculptors, among whom are Leonardo da Vinci, Rembrandt, Monet, Picasso.
The National Museum of American History.
Like the National Gallery of Art, the National Museum of American History is part Smithsonian Institution and is devoted to the exhibition, care and study of artifacts that reflect the experience of the American people. These artifacts are collections of objects with which Americans developed and sustained their civilization.
Among the objects on view in the National Museum of American History are national treasures such as the original Star Spangled Banner; scientific instruments, inventions (like Morse’s telegraph and early Edison’s light bulbs), implements of everyday life (from spinning wheels to steam locomotives); stamps and coins; musical instruments; an selected gowns of American First Ladies. Together they illustrate America’s cultural, scientific, technological and political history.
The Museum also offers a variety of scholarly and public programs which interpret American history.
The Lincoln Memotial.
This is Lincoln Memorial, built in honor of Abraham Lincoln. Abraham Lincoln taught himself how to read and write. He became the sixteenth President of the US in 1861. Lincoln wrote the the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the blacks in the South from slavery. Inside the memorial is a huge ststue of the formen president. The Lincoln Memorial is built in calmly style of a classic Greek temple. The design of this classic temple – like building by Henry Bacon symbolizes the Union. Thirty –six columns, representing the States of the Union at the time of Lincoln’s death, support the roof of the building and carved along the frieze are the names of those same states.
In 1922, the memorial was completed. The names of the 48 states then constituting the Union were carved on the walls above the frieze.
At the end of our trip around Washington try to answer the questions:
What is the capital of USA?
Who was the first president of the USA?
Where is Washington, D.C. situated?
What kind of interesting places are there in the city?
Name the most famous monuments in the city?
Подведение итогов урока.
Проведенный урок в 9 классах по теме « Вашингтон – столица США» (УМК К.И.Кауфман, М.Ю.Кауфман «Happy English.ru), является итоговым по циклу 4 и соответствует програмным требованиям.
С данной группой учащихся я работаю пятый год.Класс имеет средние и ниже средних учебные возможности. Ребята организованные,хорошо работают на уроках, показывая средние результаты.
Основной целью урока являетсяформирование навыков монологической речи.
Отобранное содержание урока, оборудование урока, организация активной мыслительной деятельности школьников , применение словесных, визуальных методов, работа с текстом способствовали достижению образовательных целей урока, стимулировали позновательные интересы учащихся.
Сознательность, активность и самостоятельность учащихся достигалась с помощью наводящих вопросов. Развитие учащихся на уроке осуществлялось в полной мере были задейсвованы все учащиеся, в том числе и слабоуспевающие.
Для активизации учащихся я использовала разные приемы: задавала вопросы, ставила интересные задачи, поощряла активность ребят, использовала индивидуальный подход.
Что касается изложения нового материала, он был донесен до учеников очень доступно, последовательно. Для закрепления полученных знаний учащимсябыло предложено осуждение материала в коце урока.
Учащиеся на уроке были активны, внимательны, работоспособны. Я считаю, что выбранная форма организации учебной деятельности школьников была достаточно эффективной. Были соблюдены с моей стороны нормы педагогической этики итакта, культура общения « учитель- ученик».
Оценивая свой снгодняшний урок, считаю, что поставленные цели и задачи урока были выполнены. Выбранные мною методы и средства обучения соответствовали содержанию учебного материала, поставленным целям и учебным возможностям класса. На уроке я старалась создать благоприятный психологический климат. В целом я довольна результатами проведённого урока.