2. Отметьте знаком (+) предложения, в которых действие совершалось лицом или предметом, и знаком (—) предложения, в которых действие совершалось над лицом или предметом




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1 Translate into Russian.

1. Never lend money to anybody if you don't want to have enemies.—

2. You borrow somebody's money, but have to pay back yours.—

3. You should always observe the due date if you borrow something from somebody.

4. He never borrows money from anybody, but he often lends it. —

2 Choose lend or borrow.



Jack goes to a restaurant to have dinner. He always___________ money from his friends and never pays it back. Simon asks to $20 from him. Jack____________Simon the money and says, "I have never ___________ money from you, so now you can pay for my dinner."


When was the Russian State Library founded?

1 Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.

  1. The car was bought last month.—

  2. The letters were sent yesterday.—

  3. The keys weren't found.—

  1. Where was the treasure hidden? —

  2. Was anything lost two days ago? —

  3. What was done by you last year? — :

  4. The book was stolen, wasn't it? —

  5. Helory was killed by the Romans.—

  6. Why weren't the due dates observed? —


2. Отметьте знаком (+) предложения, в которых действие совершалось лицом или

предметом, и знаком (—) предложения, в которых действие совершалось над

лицом или предметом.

  1. The wind broke the window.

  2. The window was broken by the wind.

  3. The dog dug a hole.

  4. The hole was dug by the dog.

  5. The bag wasn't found.

  6. He didn't find his bag.

  7. The Normans attacked the English.

  8. The English were attacked by the Normans.

  9. When was paper invented by the Chinese?

  1. When did the Chinese invent paper?

  2. Why did they do it?

  3. New computer programmes were used in this project.

  4. He used a new programme in the project.



3. Change the sentences from the Active voice to the Passive voice.

Model: They built the house five years ago. — The house was built five years ago.

  1. Somebody caught the robber red-handed (с поличным).—

  2. Somebody .wrote the book in 1974. –

  3. They invited a lot of guests to the party.

  4. They made a campfire.

  5. Somebody put up a tent near the river.


4 Put in the correct form of the verb to be.

  1. His birthday _________celebrated last Sunday.

  2. The girls' backpacks __________carried by the boys.

  3. Mitya __________bullied by Vasya and Petya.

  4. When ___________mobile phones invented?

  5. How many phone calls ___________made yesterday?


5 Put the verbs in brackets in the Passive voice and complete the sentences.

  1. Millions of books ______________________in Russia last year. (publish)

  2. The ring __________________________to the clan. (show)

3. the dog at 6 a.m.? (walk)

  1. The coffee _______________________by my granny. (make)

  2. When the telephone____________________? (invent)



6 Translate into English.
1. Письмо написали вчера. — _______________________________________________________________

2. Ключи потеряли в библиотеке.—

3. Елку нарядили 20 декабря.—

4. Окна не помыли на прошлой неделе. -



  1. Еду купили вечером. — _________________________________________________________________

  2. Домашняя работа не была сделана вчера.— ___________________________________________________________________


7 Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.
1. Millions of e-mails are sent and received every day.—

  1. The books about Harry Potter are translated into Russian. They are written by an English writer J. K. Rowling. —

  1. The shops in England are closed on Sundays. —

4. Application forms are filled in by the readers in England.

5. What ingredients are used to make pizza? —


6. England is visited by millions of tourists every year.—

7. New computer programs are used in this project —



8 Change the sentences from the Active voice to the Passive voice.

1. People decorate their houses for Christmas in England.— __________________________________________________________

2. They send millions of Christmas greetings by e-mail.—

3. They build a lot of houses in Moscow every year.-

4. He reads this newspaper every day.—

5. They don't wash the streets every day.—

6. They are using a new computer program is in this project —

7. English readers observe due dates. — _________________________________________________________________


9 J Put the verbs in brackets in the Passive voice.



  1. Mobile phones by millions of people, (use)

  2. When Bonfire Night in England? (celebrate)

  3. A lot of animals every year, (kill)

  4. What berries in your garden? (grow)

  5. On Bonfire Night a figure of the guy on top of a bonfire, (put)

MOj Translate into English.

  1. Квартиру убирают каждый день.—

  2. Телефоны используют часто.—

  3. Окна не моют каждый день.—

  4. Еду покупают каждый день.—




  1. Этот фильм показывают часто.—

  2. Елку наряжают каждый год.—

7. Новые компьютерные программы используются в этом проекте.—

8. Сроки возврата книг соблюдаются. —


Ill Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.
1. The flat will be cleaned tomorrow.—

2. Bonfires will be made on Guy Fawkes Day.-

3. When will the food be bought.—

4. The Christmas tree will be decorated on 20 December. —

5. Where will this film be shown.—

6. The book won't be published in August. —

12 nChange the sentences from the Active voice to the Passive voice.

1. She will write a letter tomorrow.—

2. He'll make some money in three months.—

3. Lena will get an e-mail next week.—

4. They'll show this film on TV.—

5. They'll read the story tomorrow.—

6. They won't be able to discuss this question in 10 minutes.—

1 3 Put in the correct form of the verb fo be.



  1. The treasure found in three years,

  2. The fax sent in five minutes.

  3. The robber caught next month.

  4. The film shown next week.

  5. The books collected in two hours.

14 I Put the verbs in brackets in the Passive voice and complete the sentences.

  1. His fax tomorrow, (send)

  2. The reports at the conference next week, (translate)

  3. The contract in a week, (sign)



  1. Tents by the boys, (put up)

  2. The windows tomorrow, (clean)

| 15 | Translate into English.

1. Контракт будет подписан в следующем месяце.—

2. Дом будет построен в следующем году. —

3. Письмо будет получено завтра.—

4. Тексты будут переведены моим другом. —

161 Make questions. Start with the words in brackets. 1. The flat will be cleaned tomorrow. (What) _

2. Bonfires will be made on Guy Fawkes Day. (When)_

3. The robber will be caught. (Will)

4. The Christmas tree will be decorated on 20 December. (When )

5. The film will be shown on TV. (Will)__

6. The book will be published in August. (When) ■_


,17 f Circle the correct form of the verb.

1. The tents ... last year.

a) bought b) were bought c) are bought d) was bought

2. A lot of faxes ... every day.

a) is sent b) were sent c) sent d) are sent

3. A lot of guests ... to the party next Saturday.

a) will be invited b) invited c) is invited d) invite

4. They ... the fax at 5 o'clock yesterday.

a) is received b) received c) will be received d) receive

1 8 | Circle the correct translation of the underlined words.



  1. The houses are decorated every winter. 3. The contract was signed last month,
    а) украшали b) украшают с) украсят а) подписали b) подпишут

  2. The film will be shown on TV. c) подписывают
    а) показывают b) показали с) покажут



1 I Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.

Smsmtf'

\J 1. Look! The fax is being sent.—

2. The problem is being discussed now. —



  1. The coffee is being made at the moment.— -

  2. The contracts are being translated at the moment. —

5. Homework is being done at the moment. —

6. The document is being printed out at the moment. —

7. A photocopy of the text is being made at the moment. —

( 2 j Change the sentences from the Active voice to the Passive voice.


1. Somebody is decorating the house at the moment.—

2. Somebody is building the house at the moment. —

3. Somebody is packing his backpack at the moment.—

4. Somebody is doing a test at the moment. -

1 3 f Put in verbs in brackets in the Passive voice.

\f 1. The Christmas tree at the moment, (decorate)


  1. My room at the moment, (clean)

  2. The cake at the moment, (make)

  3. The contracts at the moment, (sign)

  4. A TV programme at the moment, (watch)

j,—,—.

I 4 I Translate into English.

4*«1BI}#


  1. Смотри, дом строится. —

  2. Документ печатают. —




  1. Сообщение отправляют.—

  2. Елку украшают. —

  3. Пирог печется. —

  4. Мясо жарится. —



5 I Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.

\( 1. The meat was being fried.—



  1. The rooms were being cleaned.—

  2. The film was being watched.—



4. When she came home, the baby was being washed.—

6 Put in the correct form of the verb to be in the passive voice.



  1. The problem discussed when he phoned.

  2. The letter printed out when he phoned.

  3. The e-mail sent when he phoned.

  4. The note read when he phoned.

Translate into English.

программу обсуждали. —



Когда они пришли...


сообщение отправляли. —

, елку украшали. — пирог пекли. — _

мясо жарилось. — фильм смотрели.—

f 8 j Underline the passive form of the verbs. Translate into Russian.

1. The letters have just been sent.—


  1. The houses have already been bult.—

  2. The contract has already been signed.—

  3. The film has already been shown. —

  4. Nothing has been done to help him.—

  5. The decision has already been made.—

  6. The guests have already been invited.—

  7. The fine has already been paid. —

9. Two photocopies of the text have already been made.—

f 9j Change the sentences from the Active voice to the Passive voice.


1. He has already read the book.—

  1. They haven't found the robber yet.—

  2. He has already done his homework.—

  3. She has already made a cake.—




  1. The police haven't caught the robber yet —

  2. He has just told the truth.—

7. They haven't walked the dog yet.—


f 10 I Put in the correct form of the verb to be in the Passive voice.

  1. The film already seen.

  2. The letter just sent.

  3. The work already done.

  4. All the equipment already bought.

  5. A phone call just made.

  6. A lot of friends __ already invited.

flTj Put in the verbs in brackets in the Passive voice. Make questions for the underlined words.

1. A lot of postcards (write) already.—

2. Ten pictures already (take).—

3. The book (sell) already.—

4. A campfire just (make).—

5. The lights (turn off) just

(l 2 Translate into English.


  1. Программа уже .обсуждена.—

  2. Сообщение уже отправлено.—

  3. Елку уже нарядили.—




  1. Пирог только что испекли. —

  2. Мясо только что пожарили.— .

  3. Фильм только что показали. —

13 | Fill in the gaps. Circle the correct variant.

1. The keys already.

a) were found b) found c) have been found d) was being found

2. The book twenty years ago.

a) is written b) was written c) have been written d) had been written

3. The first stamp in England in 1837.

a) invented b) is being invented c) was invented d) will be invented

4. Red Square by millions of tourists next year.

a) is visited b) visit c) has been visited d) will be visited

5. Every year thousands of presents before New Year.



a) will be sold b) are sold c) have been sold d) are being sold


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